The events of July 16th to 22nd 1994, when the remnants of a fragmenting comet, P/Shoemaker-Levy 9, bombarded the surface of Jupiter causing fireballs many times the size of our own planet, were an abrupt wake-up call even for those who were aware of them. The historical sciences generally, and Archaeology in particular, have collectively painted a picture of the past as if our planet stands alone in empty space. Nothing could be further from reality. Our resilient planet exists in a solar system that has experienced a very dynamic history over the past 20 to 30 millennia, and it is only from this wider solar system perspective that the true history of human civilisation will ever be fully understood. The Morien Institute archive therefore contains relevant material from many disciplines.

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

Image of a revolving globe showing current sea levels since the last ice age, before which many ancient societies like Atlantis flourished all over planet Earth on what are now sunken lands.

Archaeology News Headlines
July 01 to September 30 2017

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Morien Institute News Headlines Archive
2017
January 01 - March 31 | April 01 - June 30 | October 01 - December 31

Marine Archaeology News 2017 | Astro-Archaeology News 2017

 

CURRENT MOON

 

 

 Today is  

September 2017 News Headlines

"Early trace of life from 3.95 Ga sedimentary rocks in Labrador, Canada"
Nature (UK)
"Wood sculptures and other relics found at ancient Chan Chan"
Andina (Peru)
"2,000-year-old toys discovered inside children's tombs in Turkey's Çanakkale"
Daily Sabah (Turkey)
"Discovery of 10,000-year-old petroglyph in Norway described as 'sensational'"
The Local (Norway)
"Ancient British stone circles were used for ‘Neolithic parties’, study finds"
The Independent (UK)
"11,500-year-old settlement unearthed in Hasankeyf"
Hürriyet Daily News (Turkey)
"19 Neolithic tombs discovered at China-Russia border"
XinhuaNet (China)
"Ancient tombs dating back to around 3,000 years found in Krishnagiri district"
The Times of India (India)
"Solving the Easter Island population puzzle"
Popular Archaeology (USA)
"Two toes of King Psamtik I statue excavated in Matariya"
Egypt Independent (Egypt)
"Ancient Greek fortress discovered in Southern Russian Krasnodar region"
Tornos News (Greece)
"Early Viking Boat Grave Discovered in Norway"
Live Science (USA)
"Rare artifacts and complex features in architecture found in Minoan palace on Cretan mountain"
Tornos News (Greece)
"Five more Tusi chieftain tombs discovered in Guizhou"
China.org (China)
"Goldsmith’s tomb uncovered" - [many stunning photos - Ed.]
Al-Ahram Weekly (Egypt)
"2,500 years of seafaring history revealed deep in the Black Sea"
Heritage Daily (UK)
"Archaeologists excited by Neolithic house find"
The National (Scotland)
"How Teotihuacan's urban design was lost and found"
Popular Archaeology (USA)

"Ancient wreckages discovered on southern coasts in Mersin"
Hürriyet Daily News (Turkey)
"Underwater research on the coast of the southern province of Mersin have discovered 18 shipwrecks on a coastline of 100 kilometers.

The wreckages date back between 1,000 and 2,700 years.

The Director of Underwater Projects Assistant Professor Hakan Öniz said that archaeological underwater research has been carried out on the coasts of Mersin since 2015.

'We have determined 18 ancient shipwrecks on a coast of 100 meters in Mersin's Aydincik, Gülnar and Silifke districts.

One of the ships was carrying plates and 16 ships were carrying amphorae.

The amphorae reveal international trade.'"
[Read The Full Story]

[It seems the eastern Mediterranean area is being thoroughly investigated by marine archaeologists, and the new finds of sunken trading ships evidence a thriving marine trading network going back several millennia. Well worth a visit to read the full story - Ed.]

"Melanesian's missing extinct human species"
Post-Courier (Papua New Guinea)
"Ancient tombs dating back to around 3,000 years found in Krishnagiri district"
The Times of India (India)
"Polish researcher attempts to read a unique writing from Easter Island"
PAP (Poland)
"Stunned archaeologists unearth remains of 6000-year-old home in Ayrshire field"
The Daily Record (Scotland)
"Swiss scholars locate lost ancient Temple of Artemis on Greek island of Evia"
Tornos News (Greece)
"Racism is behind outlandish theories about Africa’s ancient architecture"
Heritage Daily (UK)
"Ancient Inca temple unearthed in Peru"
Andina (Peru)
"Ancient world shipwreck found in Black Sea"
The Sofia Globe (Bulgaria)
"Call to preserve Africa's heritage"
Independent Online (South Africa)
"Are There Hidden Depths to the Golden Lozenge of Stonehenge?"
Ancient Origins (Australia)
"Huge genetic diversity among Papuan New Guinean peoples revealed"
Popular Archaeology (USA)
"Secrets of ancient Irish burial practices revealed"
Leitrim Observer (Ireland)
"Scientists find perfectly preserved ancient shipwrecks by accident in Black Sea"
The Daily Mirror (UK)
"The enigma of early Norwegian iron production"
Science Nordic (Norway)
"Tomb Of Mayan God-King With Jade Burial Mask Hundreds Of Years Old Discovered in Guatemala"
Newsweek (USA)
"Large Mycenaean-era engraved tomb unearthed in Orchomenos, south-central Greece"
Tornos News (Greece)
"Ancient Site Discovered in Nature Park Telascica"
Total Croatia News (Croatia)

"Much ado about nothing: ancient Indian text contains earliest zero symbol"
The Guardian (UK)
"Nowt, nada, zilch: there is nothing new about nothingness.

But the moment that the absence of stuff became zero, a number in its own right, is regarded as one of the greatest breakthroughs in the history of mathematics.

Now scientists have traced the origins of this conceptual leap to an ancient Indian text, known as the Bakhshali manuscript - a text which has been housed in the UK since 1902.

Radiocarbon dating reveals the fragmentary text, which is inscribed on 70 pieces of birch bark and contains hundreds of zeroes, dates to as early as the 3rd or 4th century - about 500 years older than scholars previously believed.

This makes it the world's oldest recorded origin of the zero symbol that we use today."

[Read The Full Story]

[This new discovery could have been made way back in 1902 but got filed in the Bodleian Library in Oxford and forgotten until now. It's a great discovery and well worth a visit to read the full story and see the images - Ed.]

"Cardiff Uni to translate and publish Ancient Athens inscriptions of UK Collections"
Tornos News (Greece)
"8,000-year-old paint workshop discovered in Turkey's Eskisehir"
Daily Sabah (Turkey)
"Egypt archaeologists unearth 3,500-year-old tomb in Luxor"
ECNS (China)
"Solving the enigma of early Norwegian iron production"
Heritage Daily (UK)
"Egyptian archaeologists discover 3,000-year-old tomb of goldsmith"
Bihar Prabha (India)
"Bronze Age grave in Greece shows nobleman's love of jewelry"
eKathimerini (Greece)
"Viking warrior found in Sweden was a woman, researchers confirm"
The Local (Sweden)
"Vindolanda archaeologists make spectacular find at Hadrian’s Wall"
iNews (UK)
"Hercules sarcophagus returning home to Turkey on Sept 13"
Hürriyet Daily News (Turkey)
"Secrets of the Dinosaur Crater"
ABC - Catalyst (Australia)
"Archaeologists uncover medieval village in mid-Jutland"
The Copenhagen Post (Denmark)
"Early members of ‘living fossil’ lineage imply later origin of modern ray-finned fishes"
Nature Letter (UK)
"Grave of medieval 'infant prince' found in Arctic, one of 9 newly-discovered burials of 'children'"
The Siberian Times (Russia)

"New Mummies Discovered In Tomb Near Luxor, Egypt"
Capital Radio Malawi (Malawi)
"Archaeologists in Egypt have discovered the tomb of a royal goldsmith containing the mummies of a woman and her two children, authorities said.

The tomb, dating back to the New Kingdom (16th to 11th Centuries BC), was found near the Nile city of Luxor, 400 miles (700km) south of Cairo.

Among the items discovered inside was a statue of the goldsmith Amenemhat, sitting beside his wife.

It is unclear whether the three mummies discovered are connected to Amenemhat.

The mummies were found down a burial shaft leading off the main chamber, Egypt's Ministry of Antiquities said."
[Read The Full Story]

[What an amazing discovery! Well done Capital Radio Malawi for highlighting it! It's well worth a visit to read the full story - Ed.]

"Lost Languages Discovered in One of the World’s Oldest Continuously Run Libraries"
Smithsonian (USA)
"Unique 7,200-year-old clay model silo forces rethink of how society evolved"
The Times of Israel (Israel)
"Mobile women were key to cultural exchange in Stone Age and Bronze Age Europe"
Popular Archaeology (USA)
"Archaeologists discovered coins hidden from the Swedes ... more than 350 years ago"
PAP (Poland)
"People may have lived in Brazil more than 20,000 years ago"
Science News (USA)
"Footprint find on Crete may push back date humans began to walk upright"
News.com (Australia)
"Castle of the Sealand kings: Discovering ancient Iraq’s rebel rulers"
The Guardian (UK)
"Archaeologists reveal story behind ancient crop circles discovered in Kilwinning field"
Scottish Daily Record (Scotland)
"‘Little Pompeii’: Abandoned ancient town a ‘microcosm of Roman Empire’"
RT (Russia)
"Mathematical Secrets of Ancient Tablet Unlocked"
Sci-Tech Today (USA)
"2,000 ancient tombs unearthed in Beijing sub-center"
ECNS (China)
"How Neanderthals Made First Glue From Tar To Make Stronger Weapons"
IB Times (UK)
"Researchers have found 6,000-year-old Italian wine in a Sicilian cave"
The Local (Italy)
"Looted Skeleton Could Be Among Oldest in Americas"
Live Science (USA)

 

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

 

August 2017 News Headlines

 

I will try to keep the news pages updated while John is recovering but this will not be as good and timely as the service John has provided as our Web Editor. Thank you again to everyone
who continues to send in news stories, and all the many good wishes for John.
We really appreciate your support and cannot thank you enough - Polly.

 

"Archeological finds from 8-6th centuries BC revealed in Metsamor"
Pubic Radio of Armenia (Armenia)
"Scientists tracing ancient Aboriginal fire practices on Tasmanian island unearth fresh timelines"
ABC Science News (Australia)
"Libyan Archeology Authority on the look for lost ancient city 'Barca'"
The Libya Observer (Libya)
"Large ancient gold necklace found at Bulgaria’s Heraclea Sintica site"
The Sofia Globe (Bulgaria)
"The 'underground astronaut' in search of ancient bones"
ABC Science News (Australia)
"Sunken ancient ruin noted by Pausanias discovered in Greek island of Salamis"
Tornos News (Greece)
"Hobby Lobby funds Israeli settlement archaeology"
Aljazeera (Qatar)
"Theft of South African relics riles researchers"
Nature (UK)
"Archaeologists shed light on life in the UAE 5,000 years ago"
Gulf News (United Arab Emirates)
"White Horse of the Sun"
Archaeology Magazine (USA)
"Historic fort crumbles from neglect"
Dawn (Pakistan )

"Scientists find languages not used since Dark Ages among ancient MSS recovered in monastery"
The Independent (UK)
"Languages not seen since the Dark Ages have come to light after scientists used a new method to inspect a trove of ancient manuscripts found in a monastery in Egypt.

They turned up extremely rare tongues, including Caucasian Albanian, on documents they found in Saint Catherine's monastery on the Sinai peninsula that date back 1,500 years.

Monks originally wrote their texts down on parchments which were later scrubbed off and used to write the Bible by future generations who spoke in more modern languages.

But a new technique developed by researchers allows them to see the original text hidden from the naked eye in a development hailed as 'new golden age of discovery'.

It comes as the chances of finding further ancient documents in St Catherine's monastery comes under threat by Muslim extremists, including Isis, who are known to destroy Christian sites."

[Read The Full Story]

[A really great story from The Independent! Hopefully they can reconstruct many ancient languages lost during the Dark Ages. It's worth a visit to read the full story - Ed.]

"Ancient whales were fearsome predators with razor-sharp teeth, fossil analysis shows"
ABC Science News (Australia)
"Archaeologists discover ancient trade routes in Vietnam"
UPI (USA)
"Poem on ancient clay bowl offers clues to how hiragana spread"
The Asahi Shimbun (Japan)
"Körtik Hill offers thousands of artifacts"
Hürriyet Daily News (Turkey)
"New gliding mammaliaforms from the Jurassic"
Nature (UK)
"Stone-Age Kashmiri was intelligent, skilled: Burzahom findings"
Greater Kashmir (Kashmir)
"Mystery of 8,500-year-old copper-making event revealed through materials science"
Popular Archaeology (USA)
"Discovered: the Great Wall of Siberia dating to '1st millennium BC'"
The Siberian Times (Russia)
"New, impressive ancient treasures discovered at historical Mentor shipwreck in Kythira"
Tornos News (Greece)
"Mysterious stone slab discovered in Spain is covered with ancient symbols that no one can read"
IB Times (UK)
"Possible ancient monks' complex discovered in Minya excavations"
Ahram Online (Egypt)
"Bronze Age tombs unearthed during car park construction"
SwissInfo (Switzerland)
"Thousand-year-old Viking fortress reveals a technologically advanced society"
Science Magazine (USA)

"3000-year-old circular stone wall found in Cusco"
Andina (Peru)
"Experts from the Decentralized Culture Directorate of Cusco (DDCC) have unearthed architectural ruins dating back over 3,000 years in Marcavalle archaeological area, located in South-Andean Cusco region.

The finds include a 7-meter-diameter circular wall made of stone and mud belonging to pre-Inca Marcavalle culture in what is today a youth rehabilitation center.

According to Luz Marina Monroy, archaeologist in charge of the research, the ring-shaped structure would have been used as a dwelling and a ritual site.

Archaeologists also discovered part of a similar wall -believed to have been part of a workshop and warehouse- with signs of successive human occupation.

Inside both constructions, the experts found a large number of Marcavalle culture pottery fragments decorated with human and animal faces, obsidian points, stone tools, as well as stone and bone beads."
[Read The Full Story]

[A really interesting discovery of pre-Inca ruins and artifacts. There are some great pictures of the finds, and more information about the Marcavalle culture. Well worth a visit to read the full story and see the images - Ed.]

"An early modern human presence in Sumatra 73,000–63,000 years ago"
Nature (UK)
"Ancient village unearthed at Papamoa roundabout"
New Zealand Herald (New Zealand)
"Dig offers 1st hint of second capital in Osaka in 8th century"
The Asahi Shimbun (Japan)
"Ancient Earthquake Turned Mosaic Workshop into Time Capsule"
Live Science (USA)
"Items Recovered from Wreck of Elgin’s Ship off Kythira"
Greek Reporter (Greece)
"2,200-year-old coins record Hannibal's defeat and the start of the Roman Empire"
IB Times (UK)
"‘First of-its-kind’ Hellenistic temple discovered in Umm Qai"
The Jordan Times (Jordan)
"Three Ptolemaic tombs uncovered in Egypt's Minya, contents suggest a 'large cemetery'"
Ahram Online (Egypt)
"First 'winged' mammals flew over dinosaurs"
BBC News (UK)
"Roman coins show how Hannibal’s defeat led to rise of Rome"
India.com (India)
"Apsara Authority continues removing homes in Angkor"
The Phnom Penh Post (Cambodia)
"Cannibals engraved bones of the dead"
BBC News (UK)
"Himalayas losing rare fossils to hunters"
The Hindu (India)

"Wrong Göbeklitepe skulls reported in Turkish media"
Hürriyet Daily News (Turkey)
"Human skulls unearthed in the world's oldest temple Göbeklitepe (9,500-7,500 B.C.), in the southeastern province of Sanliurfa, were recently reported in the Turkish media with the wrong visuals.

Göbeklitepe is among the world's most important ancient sites, dating back to the period of humankind's transition from hunting to settled agricultural life.

Excavations recently unearthed a total of seven skull pieces of three different people, on which straight and deep lines were carved.

Officials say that these findings are the first of their kind in Göbeklitepe.

However, articles about the Göbeklitepe skulls in many Turkish newspapers mistakenly used two photos from completely different geographies and cultures."
[Read The Full Story]

[There are often innocent mistakes made in media reports, and this may be one of them. But the very existence of the Göbeklitepe complex, and it's age of construction at 12,000 yaesr ago, is total anathema to those remaining defenders of an outdated prehistoric paradigm still taught in schools, colleges and universities. Was this a mistake? Or just another attempt to cause confusion in the Göbeklitepe debate.

Well done Hürriyet Daily News for reporting these errors! It's really well worth a visit to read the full story and view the many images and diagrams - Ed.]

"Maori Artifacts Point to Early Polynesian Settlement in New Zealand"
Live Science (USA)
"Ancient Greek papyri virtually unwrapped in Italy" - story text plus video
Tornos News (Greece)
"The men who trade Islamic State’s stolen antiquities"
The Australian (Australia)
"Skull secrets of an ancient ape"
Nature (UK)
"King Seti II-era blocks discovered at illegal excavation site in Egypt's Minya"
Ahram Online (Egypt)
"Total Solar Eclipse: New Mexico Chaco Canyon Rock Art Shows Ancient Eclipse"
Newsweek (USA)
"Archeologists find 2,000-year-old rare stone vessel used in Jewish rituals"
The Jerusalem Post (Israel)
"Ancient warrior unearthed marching to afterlife with his dagger drawn, wearing stylish earrings"
The Siberian Times (Russia)
"The Real Story Behind the 'House of Jesus' Apostles' Discovery"
National Geographic News (USA)
"1,800-year-old writing implement discovered in northwestern Turkey"
Daily Sabah (Turkey)
"Angkor Excavation Team Find a Medicine Buddha"
The Cambodia Daily (Cambodia)

"‘Vanished’ people may live on in the U.S. Southwest"
Science Magazine (USA)
"In the late 1200s, the Ancestral Puebloan people of what is today the Four Corners Region of the U.S. Southwest suddenly vanished.

For centuries, the culture-also known as the Anasazi-had grown maize and built elaborate villages and sandstone castles. Then, it was gone.

Now, using DNA extracted from ancient turkeys, researchers say they have new insights into where these mysterious people went, though some experts are skeptical of the findings.

'While I think the concept behind the study is a terrific idea, and they present a really plausible case … the evidence is a little weak', says R. G. Matson, an anthropologist at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver, Canada.

Scientists think they know why the Ancestral Puebloans disappeared.

The primary culprit, studies suggest, was a megadrought that would have made it impossible to grow enough food to feed the tens of thousands of people living in the region.

That, combined with factors like deforestation and topsoil erosion, led the Ancestral Pueblos to leave their homes at Chaco Canyon and Mesa Verde in search of a better life elsewhere.

Where they migrated to remains a mystery, however."

[Read The Full Story]

[This is a great story that possibly unveils the mystery of what happened to the ancient Puebloan peoples. If the suggestions are correct they are still around, just in a different area. Good job Science for giving us the details! Well worth a visit to read the full story - Ed.]

"An early modern human presence in Sumatra 73,000–63,000 years ago"
Nature (UK)
"Peering through the Sands of Time: Searching for the Origins of Space Archaeology"
NASA Earth Observatory (Earth Orbit)
"Excavations unveil mysteries of Trojan War"
Hürriyet Daily News (Turkey)
"Human bones may have been engraved as part of a cannibalistic ritual"
Popular Archaeology (USA)
"4000-year-old ornaments made from bone unearthed near Hyderabad"
Deccan Chronicle (India)
"The Céide fields: a Mayo miracle that’s older than the pyramids"
The Irish Times (Ireland)
"Egyptologists Embrace Cutting-Edge Technology to Solve Ancient Mysteries"
Seeker (USA)
"Archaeologists discover 1,800-year-old writing tool in Turkey"
TRT World (Turkey)
"Polish archaeologists discover latrines and valuable ornaments in an ancient port city"
PAP (Poland)
"New gliding mammaliaforms from the Jurassic"
Nature (UK)
"Revealed: 4,000-year-old bone jewels"
The Hindu (India)
"Meet the mummified Polar beauty, her long eyelashes and hair still intact after 900 years"
The Siberian Times (Russia)

"Humans have been altering tropical forests for at least 45,000 years"
Popular Archaeology (USA)
"The first review of the global impact of humans on tropical forests in the ancient past shows that humans have been altering these environments for at least 45,000 years.

This counters the view that tropical forests were pristine natural environments prior to modern agriculture and industrialization.

The study, published today in Nature Plants, found that humans have in fact been having a dramatic impact on such forest ecologies for tens of thousands of years, through techniques ranging from controlled burning of sections of forest to plant and animal management to clear-cutting.

Although previous studies had looked at human impacts on specific tropical forest locations and ecosystems, this is the first to synthesize data from all over the world.

In the deep past, groups of hunter-gatherers appear to have burned areas of tropical forests, in particular in Southeast Asia as early as 45,000 years ago, when modern humans first arrived there.

There is evidence of similar forest burning activities in Australia and New Guinea.

By clearing parts of the forest, humans were able to create more of the 'forest-edge' environments that encouraged the presence of animals and plants that they liked to eat."

[Read The Full Story]

[Another incredible story about how ancient peoples 'managed' the natural environment, especially tropical rain forests. This study has gone one step further and looked at the global picture, and found that people have been controlling their environments for over 45,000 years. The story is well worth reading in full to understand the extent of this ancient practice - Ed.]

"Genetic origins of the Minoans and Mycenaeans"
Nature (UK)
"Unknown Church Discovered by Archeologists from the Regional Museum of History, Russe"
Novinite (Bulgaria)
"Slow, steady progress in preserving country’s heritage"
Trinidad Guardian (Trinidad)
"France: archaeologists uncover 'little Pompeii' south of Lyon "
The Guardian (UK)
"Ancient history and nature on show at Sharjah desert centre"
Gulf News (United Arab Emirates)
"Ancient theater found under school in Turkey's Antalya"
Hürriyet Daily News (Turkey)
"46 Prehistoric Sites with Paleolakes Discovered in 'Green Arabia'"
Live Science (USA)
"Structure resembling historical Ashoka Pillar discovered"
India Blooms (India)
"Is this stunning bracelet made by Paleolithic man for his favourite woman really 70K years old?"
The Siberian Times (Russia)
"Elements of Eoarchean life trapped in mineral inclusions"
Nature (UK)
"Six Foot Tall Temple Guardian Discovered At Angkor Wat" - lots of great images
Malaysian Digest (Malaysia)
"Secrets of ancient Irish funeral practices revealed"
PhysOrg (USA)
"Could the mystery of the River Wear stone structures soon be solved?"
Chronicle Live (England)
"Contents of 2,500-year-old sarcophagus discovered in Turkey's Balikesir revealed"
Daily Sabah (Turkey)

 

an image of a meteor flashing through the sky

 

July 2017 News Headlines

 

I will try to keep the news pages updated while John is recovering but this will not be as good and timely as the service John has provided as our Web Editor. Thank you again to everyone
who continues to send in news stories, and all the many good wishes for John.
We really appreciate your support and cannot thank you enough - Polly.

 

 

"Bible Debunked? The Ancient Canaanites Survived God's Wrath, scientists say"
Inguisitr (USA)
"Archaeological Murals Discovered at Saint Bishoy Monastery"
Egyptian Streets (Egypt)
"The secrets of the ages: an abandoned city in the jungle"
The Mice Times of Asia (Thailand & Singapore)
"Carbon dating confirms T.N. site is from Sangam era"
The Hindu (India)
"2,000-year-old carpenter’s tool unearthed in Hokuriku dig"
The Asahi Shimbun (Japan)
"Excavations start at Turkey's Uzuncaburç"
Hürriyet Daily News (Turkey)
"Uncovering the Galloway Viking Hoard, layer by layer"
Museum Crush (UK)
"Unexplored Sunken Pirate City in the Caribbean Will Finally Be Revealed"
Ancient Origins (Australia)
"Amazingly well preserved 3,500-year-old lunch box discovered in Swiss Alps"
IB Times (Switzerland)
"Skull of 1,000 year old Arctic chieftain's infant heir found encased in Persian bronze bowl"
The Siberian Times (Russia)
"Cultural flexibility was key for early humans to survive extreme dry periods in southern Africa"
Popular Archaeology (USA)
"Humans hunted freshwater turtles in Israel 60,000 years ago"
The Jerusalem Post (Israel)

"Ancient royal 'limousine' excavated in central China"
China Daily (China)
"Archaeologists have found a "limousine" once owned by the Lord of Zheng State dating back 2,400 years, after five months of excavation in Xinzheng City, Central China's Henan province.

The giant, extravagant chariot, which is 2.56 meters long and 1.66 meters wide, was equipped with rain and sun protection on the top and decorated with bronze and bone ornaments.

It has more than 26 spokes in each wheel, which indicated the owner's noble status.

The 'limousine' was excavated in a funerary pit in tomb of Lords of Zheng State, a vassal state during the Spring and Autumn Period (770-476 BC) and the Warring States Period (475-221 BC)."

[Read The Full Story]

[Wow! What an amazing discovery in China, and congratulations to China Daily for publishing it. They certainly knew how to travel in kingly style in ancient China. Great pity there wasn't a photograph of the chariot but the story is well worth reading in full - Ed.]

"Modern-day Lebanese descend from the Canaanites, suggests genetic study"
Popular Archaeology (USA)
"In Spain, an ancient cemetery buried under a cemetery"
El Pais (Spain)
"Ivory icon, rare Byzantine gold coin found at Bulgaria’s Rusokastro fortress site"
The Sofia Globe (Bulgaria)
"Tomb depicting famous gladiator brawl discovered in Pompeii"
ANSAmed (Italy)
"Nottingham archaeologist uncovers secrets of sunken ‘pirate city’ in Jamaica"
Notts TV (England)
"1,100-year-old coin found in royal Pictish power centre"
The Scotsman (Scotland)
"Remains of ancient Apollo temple unearthed on Greek Despotiko islet west of Antiparos"
Tornos News (Greece)
"Southampton Water fish trap dated to Saxon times"
BBC News (UK)
"Medieval-era graffiti discovered in cave in Upper Egypt"
Ahram Online (Egypt)
"Archaeologists delicately excavate 5,000-year-old pottery"
Daily Sabah (Turkey)
"Archaeologists Uncover 3500 Year Old Artefacts in Zadar Archipelago"
Total Croatia News (Croatia)
"5,000-Year-Long Tsunami Record Found in Guano-Encrusted Sumatran Cave"
Seeker (USA)
"Nine Bronze Age tombs discovered in Eastern Romania"
Romania Insider (Romania)
"Reimagining the History of Human Migration With a 65,000-Year-Old Find"
Hakai Magazine (Canada)

"Impressive 2,700-Year-Old Water System Discovered Near Rosh Ha’Ayin"
Jewish Press (Israel)
"An impressively large 2,700-year-old water system was recently exposed at Israel Antiquities Authority excavations near Rosh Ha-Ayin with the help of students majoring in the Education Ministry's Land of Israel and Archaeology studies.

The excavation precedes the construction of a new residential neighborhood initiated by the Ministry of Construction and Housing.

According to Gilad Itach, director of excavations for the IAA, 'It is difficult not to be impressed by the sight of the immense underground reservoir quarried out so many years ago.

In antiquity, rainwater collection and storage was a fundamental necessity. With an annual rainfall of 500 mm, the region's winter rains would easily have filled the huge reservoir.

On its walls, near the entrance, we identified engravings of human figures, crosses, and a vegetal motif that were probably carved by passersby in a later period.

Overall, we identified seven figures measuring 15-30 cm. Most have outstretched arms and a few appear to be holding some kind of object.'"
[Read The Full Story]

[What an amazing discovery! Well done Jewish Press for publishing the details, and for including the equally amazing images of the underground reservoir. It's well worth a visit to read the full story and see the many images of the excavation as well as the subterranean structures - Ed.]

"Highly variable recurrence of tsunamis in the 7,400 years before the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami"
Nature Communications (UK)
"Archaeologists in Athens uncover 2,500-year-old Greek mystery by CSI tests"
Tornos News (Greece)
"Copper in Ötzi the Iceman’s ax came from surprisingly far away"
Science News (USA)
"Another pre-Hispanic find in Mexico City"
Mexico News Daily (Mexico)
"Human occupation of northern Australia by 65,000 years ago"
Nature - article preview (UK)
"T-rex 'not strong enough' for running locomotion, researchers say"
ABC News (Australia)
"Divers Find 8 More Wrecks at Sunken-Ship Hotspot in Greece"
Live Science (USA)
"Secret Stone Age engravings can only be seen at night, archaeologists find"
RT News (Russia)
"Ancient roman sarcophagus found at London building site"
BBC News (UK)
"The big Buddha's of Bamiyan"
The Island (Sri Lanka)
"Ancestors of Stonehenge people could be buried inside uncovered 'house of the dead'"
PhysOrg (USA)
"EU Plans Crackdown on Antique and Art Smuggling That Funds Terror"
HETQ (Armenia)
"Land acquisition process gets underway in Gotihawa"
The Kathmandu Post (Nepal)
"Maori culture and history"
ABC RN News (Australia)
"Hands Off the Antiquities"
The American Interest (USA)

"Ancient monuments damaged in Preseli Hills"
Tivyside Advertiser (Cymru)
"Archaeologists and conservationists have repeated a plea to visitors to leave ancient sites and monuments in the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park as they find them.

Rocks from Foel Drygarn and Carn Meini (also known as Carn Menyn) in the Preseli Hills are being moved or taken away by visitors who may be unaware of their protected status and significance.

The Preseli Hills has been inhabited for thousands of years, with prehistoric monuments sitting in a landscape of natural cliffs and crags. The area is a Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI) and a Special Area of Conservation (SAC).

'At Carn Meini we found a number of stones that had been hammered and a stash of broken up bits of bluestone.

Carn Meini’s greatest claim to fame is that its dolerite rock is the famous bluestone that was used to build the inner ring of Stonehenge.'"
[Read The Full Story]

[Ever since Carn Meini was identified as the source of the blustones used at Stonehenge various idiots have gone up there and chipped off bits of the dolerite bluestone to take home as souvenirs.

The Presceli mountain area is the legendary site of the gateway to the ancient celtic underworld - Annwn. If grabbing bits of stone is your intention don't go up there in the mist. You may never return. Please do read the full story - Ed.]

"Ruins on the Tropic of Cancer"
The Hundu (India)
"Pictured: the remains of a Stone Age fish supper from 8,000 years ago"
The Siberian Times (Russia)
"How kings really lived in Cornwall"
Pirate FM Cornwall (Kernow)
"Pin-drop test pops Greek amphitheater’s acoustic claims"
Science News (USA)
"Excavation works resume on 2,100-year-old marble statue of Cybele in northern Turkey"
Daily Sabah (Turkey)
"Tattooed Princess Ukok, the First Breast Cancer Patient in History"
Netral News (Indonesia)
"Hundreds of Stone Tombs Discovered in Land of 'Dead Fire'"
Live Science (USA)
"Mosaic floor from Roman period uncovered in Alexandria"
Ahram Online (Egypt)
"Ancient stone monuments may have been used for mysterious moonlit ceremonies... "
The Telegraph (UK)
"Pearls, Viking swords, spears and shields among hundreds of items excavated in N. Iceland"
Iceland Magazine (Iceland)
"Easter Island not victim of 'ecocide', analysis of remains shows"
Popular Archaeology (USA)
"Greek archaeologist unearths ancient buildings and bridge in Alexandria, Egypt"
Tornos News (Greece)

"Ancient-genome studies grapple with Africa’s past"
Nature (UK)
"Ignored for too long by researchers, ancient humans who lived in Africa thousands of years ago are finally having their genomes studied.

Two projects released results this week on the genomes of around 20 individuals, which together reveal that the history of our species on the continent is much more complex than previously thought.

Africa's neglect until now by ancient-DNA researchers was largely a result of the continent's scorching climate.

Because heat speeds the deterioration of DNA, scientists have focused on sequencing remains from cooler European sites and Siberian permafrost.

The first success in Africa came in 2015, when researchers sequenced the genome of a 4,500-year-old man from Ethiopia who was preserved in a relatively chilly mountainous cave.

But advances in removing contamination, and the discovery that a tiny inner ear bone is chock full of ancient DNA, have convinced researchers that the technology is finally ready to grapple with Africa's past."
[Read The Full Story]

[Great stuff again from Nature News! The reasons why DNA research in Africa has been sadly lacking is explained in detail, and how it has proceeded recenty is outlined. It really is well worth taking the time to read the full story - Ed.]

"'Milestone' treasure of ancient Roman coins found at mining site"
The Local (Spain)
"We may have mated with Neanderthals more than 219,000 years ago"
New Scientist (UK)
"Sultans’ bath a surprising find atop Takkeli Mountain"
Hürriyet Daily News (Turkey)
"200,000-Year-Old 'Baby Tooth' Reveals Clues About Mysterious Human Lineage"
Live Science (USA)
"Scientists know more about women from the pre-Inca tomb"
PAP (Poland)
"Island Rises Up off of Cape Hatteras"
NASA Earth Observatory (Earth Orbit)
"Circling out a centre"
The Hindu (India)
"Archaeological Find Reveals New Side to Life at Angkor"
The Cambodia Daily (Cambodia)
"Archaeologists put sound back into a previously silent past"
Popular Archaeology (USA)
"One thousand six hundred-year-old basilica found underwater in Turkey"
Herald Malaysia (Malaysia)
"5000-year-old 'graveyard of giants' found in Chinese village"
IBT India (India)
"West Antarctic Ice Sheet retreat driven by Holocene warm water incursions"
Nature (UK)

"Sixth century medical recipe uncovered in St Catherine's Monastery"
Ahram Online (Egypt)
"In a ceremony held at his ministry's headquarters, Minister of Antiquities Khaled El-Enany announced the discovery of a very important medical manuscript uncovered by the monks of St Catherine's Monastery in South Sinai during restoration works carried out in the monastery's library.

Mohammed Abdel-Latif, assistant minister of antiquities for archaeological sites, explained that the discovered manuscript is one of those known as "Palmesit" manuscripts, dating to the 6th century AD.

The manuscript is written on leather and bears parts of a medical recipe of the renowned Greek physician Hippocrates.

The manuscript has also three other medical recipes written by an anonymous scribe, one of which contains drawings of medicinal herbs of the Greek recipe."
[Read The Full Story]

[Another good story from Ahram Online! Though attributed to Greek physician, Hippocrates, everyone knows that the Greeks simply stole all the medical knowledge of the far more civilised Africa, and later claimed as Greek, from the Egyptians in the first place - especially Imhotep. Worth reading the full story though - Ed.]

"Tower of human skulls in Mexico sheds new light on Aztecs"
Pakistan Today (Pakistan)
"US returns 'looted' royal seals to South Korea after 60 years"
BBC News (UK)
"More remains found at Alderney 'Roman burial ground'"
Jersey Evening Post (Jersey)
"Breakthrough in dating Viking fortress"
EurekAlert (USA)
"Life in Alaska’s Pleistocene age"
Fairbanks Daily News-Miner (Alaska)
"Al Ain National Museum to hold workshops on cuneiform writing"
Zawya (Dubai)
"Palaeoclimatology: Ice-sheet history revealed by fossils"
Nature (UK)
"In South America have unearthed an ancient tomb"
The Mice Times of Asia (Singapore)
"New studies of ancient concrete could teach us to do as the Romans did"
Popular Archaeology (USA)
"Evidence of Unique Skull Cult Found at World's Oldest Temple"
Sputnik International (Russia)
"Prehistoric lizard wasn't what we thought"
New Atlas (UK)
"First evidence of skull decoration discovered in Göbeklitepe"
Hürriyet Daily News (Turkey)
"Archaeologists find 'secret square' within famous ancient stone circle"
PanArmenian Net (Armenia)
"Buried in Beads 4,000 Years Ago, This Chiefly Family Lives Again"
National Geographic News (USA)

"The Antikythera Mechanism Research Project"
Cardiff/Athens Universites (Cymru/Greece)
[In October 1900, Captain Dimitrious Kondos was leading a team of sponge divers near the the island of Antikythera off the coast of Greece. They noticed a shipwreck about 180 feet below the surface and began to investigate. Amongst the artifacts that they brought up was a coral-encrusted piece of metal that later archaeologists found was some sort of gear wheel.

The rest of the artifacts, along with the shape of the boat, suggested a date around 2000 years ago, which made the find one of the most anomalous that had ever been recovered from the Greek seas. It became known as The Antikythera Mechanism.

In 2006 the journal "Nature" published a
letter, and another paper about the mechanism was published in 2008, detailing the findings of Prof. Mike G. Edmunds of Cardiff University. Using high-resolution X-ray tomography to study the fragments of the anomalous Antikythera Mechanism, they found that it was in fact a bronze mechanical analog computer that could be used to calculate the astronomical positions and various cycles of the Moon - as seen from the Earth: - Ed]


Part of the Antikythera Mechanism
an image of Part of the Antikythera Mechanism, which is also a clickable link directly to the Lichfield Blog story
Copyright © 2006
Antikythera Mechanism Research Project



2000-year-old analog computer recreated



More Antikythera Mechanism Information & Commentary:

"Human Skeleton Found on Famed Antikythera Shipwreck"
Scientific American (USA)
"Scientists decipher purpose of mysterious astronomy tool made by ancient Greeks"
CBC News (Canada)
"Beyond the Antikythera mechanism"
Nature Blogs (UK)
"Archimedes’ legendary sphere brought to life"
Nature News (UK)
"Discovery about the Antikythera Mechanism reveals surprising advances in early Greek science"
University of Puget Sound (USA)
"World's oldest computer is more ancient than first thought... "
The Daily Mail Online (UK)
"New international mission ready to explore Antikythera shipwreck"
eKathimerini (Greece)
"Return to Antikythera: Divers revisit wreck where ancient computer found"
The Guardian Science Blog (UK)
"In search of lost time"
Nature (UK)
"World’s First Computer Displayed Olympic Calendar"
Wired Gadget Lab (USA)
"Antikythera Mechanism - World's earliest existing analogue computer"
HotnHit News (India)
"In search of lost time"
Nature (UK)
"Imaging the Antikythera Computer"
Wired Gadget Lab (USA)
"Decoding an Ancient Computer: Greek Technology Tracked the Heavens"
Scientific American (USA)
"2,000 Year Old Computer Yields Her Secrets"
Wired Gadget Lab (USA)
"Watch a video explaining the Antikythera mechanism"
Nature (UK)
"Antikythera mechanism"
Wikipedia (USA)
"World's First Computer Rebuilt, Rebooted After 2,000 Years"
Wired Gadget Lab (USA)
"Antikythera: A 2,000-year-old Greek computer comes back to life"
The Guardian Science Blog (UK)
Google image search results for The Antikythera mechanism
Google (USA)

 

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The rain of objects would have generated extraordinary visual and auditory effects combined with ground vibrations; and under extreme conditions would bring about severe surface destruction and loss of life.

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2017
January 01 - March 31 | April 01 - June 30 | October 01 - December 31

 

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