Marine Archaeology 2014

Marine Archaeology Discoveries made in 2014
are listed below …


“Archaeologists Discover 13,800-Year-Old Underwater Site
at Haida Gwaii”

December 18, 2014, Indian Country Today Media Network, USA
“An archaeological discovery from this past September could put the earliest inhabitation in Canada at around 13,800 years ago, reported CBC News.

Right now it’s all on sonar images captured by an underwater robotic vehicle.

Archaeologist Quentin Mackie from the University of Victoria (UVIC) and his team returned from a research trip to the Haida Gwaii archipelago in August, where they used an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) to scan the sea floor in search of evidence of ancient human inhabitation.

His team has been looking for proof of the earliest human presence in North America for decades, and what they think they’ve found is a fishing weir (a man-made rock formation) on the bottom of Juan Perez Sound under 122 meters of water.

There are other formations on the sea floor that the team thinks are the sites of ancient camps of the same age.

Scientists think that area was at sea level 14,000 years ago and was mostly one large island that stretched across Hecate Strait east toward the mainland. The area has been submerged by 120 meters of water since that last Ice Age.”

[Read The Full Story]

[Probably one of the best stories to emerge in 2014 about the myriad of ancient structures that were submerged at the end of the last Ice Age. It’s well worth a visit to their site for further details and the full story – Ed.]


“Experts scramble to save ancient ship”

December 09, 2014, ECNS, China
“Archaeologists and relic experts are sparing no effort to protect an ancient wooden vessel and the large number of historical artifacts on board in the coastal city of Yangjiang, Guangdong province.

Sun Jian, technical director of the Underwater Cultural Heritage Protection Center of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, said a mildew deterrent and protective spray are being used at the site to prevent damage to the ship and artifacts now that the thick silt layer covering it has been cleared away.

The 21.58-meter-long, 9.55-meter-wide vessel that has been named South China Sea (Nanhai) No 1 was salvaged from a depth of 30 meters in the South China Sea in late 2007.

Since then, it has been submerged in a sealed pool, called the ‘Crystal Palace’, at the Guangdong Maritime Silk Road Museum on Yangjiang’s Hailing Island.”

[Read The Full Story]

[A really good detailed story and well worth a visit to their site – Ed.]


“Underwater excavation reveals lost Levantine village”

December 09, 2014, Heritage Daily, USA
“A 7,500-year-old underwater water well that has been partially excavated from a site on Israel’s Mediterranean coast near Haifa will give important insights into the Neolithic society that once lived there.

Flinders University maritime archaeologist Jonathan Benjamin was part of the team that excavated and recorded the site in October under the leadership of Dr Ehud Galili, a world-renowned expert in submerged prehistory and a senior maritime archaeologist at the Israel Antiques Authority and the University of Haifa.

Submerged under five metres of water due to prehistoric sea-level rise, the excavated structure was an important water well that supplied fresh water to the ancient civilisation dated to the pre-pottery Neolithic period that lived on the Kfar Samir site, near Haifa, Israel.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Celebrated Underwater Archaeologist, 80
Still Seeks Florida Shipwreck of 1715″

December 01, 2014, The Examiner, USA
“The term underwater archaeology conjures up images of discovering artifacts long-hidden on the seafloor.

The more romantic notions involve treasure-hunting amongst shipwrecks.

But it was discovered during a survey of the north coast of Egypt at the beginning of the 21st century.

One notable underwater archaeologist is Robert Marx, who has written over 60 books on the subject. He was one of the founders of the Council on Underwater Archaeology as well as the Sea Research Society.

Marx was also instrumental in creating the professional research degree of Doctor of Marine Histories.

For these and more, Marx has earned the description of being ‘The True Father of Underwater Archaeology’, according to noted diving pioneer and magazine publisher, Dr. E. Lee Spence.

Marx’s main quest nowadays is a 1715 Spanish shipwreck that occurred off the Florida coast, near what is now Sebastian Inlet.

It involved the flagship Capitana, which was then skippered by Don Juan Esteban de Ubilla.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Incredible underwater city
thought to have been lost for centuries”

November 24, 2014, Irish Mirror, Ireland
“Thonis-Heracleion was believed to be a legend by many, after it disappeared beneath the Mediterranean around 1,200 years ago – until it was found in 2000.

It’s not quite Atlantis, but the underwater city of Thonis-Heracleion comes very close. For centuries the port was thought to be a legend, after disappearing beneath the Mediterranean around 1,200 years ago.

One of the 16-foot statues found underwater at
Thonis-Heracleion off the coast of Egypt

an image of one of the 16-foot statues found underwater at Thonis-Heracleion off the coast of Egypt, which is also a clickable link to the Irish Mirror story

Copyright © 2014 Imgur / Irish Mirror

But it was discovered during a survey of the north coast of Egypt at the beginning of the 21st century.

Ever since, researchers have slowly been discovering more and more about the city, through which all trade from Greece and the Mediterranean entered Egypt.

Archaeologists have found the wreckages of more than 64 ships, gold coins and giant 16-foot statues.

Slabs of stone inscribed in both ancient Greek and Ancient Egyptian have also been brought to the surface.”

[Read The Full Story and see more pictures]


“Small ‘Underwater Pompeii’ Found Off Greek Island”

November 20, 2014, Discovery News, USA
“Remains of an ancient settlement, complete with a ruined pottery workshop, have been found on the bottom of the Aegean Sea off the small island of Delos, the Greek ministry of culture has announced.

Dubbed by the Greek media ‘a small underwater Pompeii’, the structures lay at a depth of just 6 feet on the northeastern coast of Delos.

‘In the past these ruins were identified as port facilities’, the culture ministry said.

But a new investigation by the National Hellenic Research Foundation and the Ephorate of Undersea Archaeology, led to different conclusions.

Rather than a dock, a pottery workshop and other buildings once stood at the site. Archaeologists found 16 terracotta pots and remains of a kiln embedded in the sea floor.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Divers discover ancient shipwreck in the Mediterranean”

October 28, 2014, Delhi Daily News, India
“Divers went as deep as 125 metres into dark Mediterranean waters off Italy, and reached a skeleton of a ship, which sank thousands of years ago.

The divers, who discovered the ancient shipwreck, were highly-trained and work with Global Underwater Explorers, a Florida-based group.

They are helping the Italian researchers to know more about an ancient shipwreck, which apparently happened at the time of second Punic Wars between Carthage and Rome.

They aid the archaeologists by swimming about the wreck and fetching the artifacts.

This time, the divers swam past large amphora (terra cotta jars ), which were used for carrying wine, olive oil and other things on the Mediterranean trade route thousands of years ago.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Prehistoric Continental Shelf
Tracing Our Ancestors At The Bottom Of The Sea”

October 28, 2014, Science 2.0, UK
“The social sciences have simultaneously become increasingly specialized and over-lapping.

A new field calls itself Continental Shelf Prehistoric Research and it studies the remains of prehistoric human settlements which are now submerged beneath coastal waters.

Some of the now-drowned sites are tens of thousands of years old, requiring archaeologists to get help from oceanography and the geosciences.

A recent paper describes how during the successive ice ages of the last million years, the sea level dropped at times by up to 120 meters and the exposed area of the continental shelf added 40% to the land area of Europe; a terrain occupied by vegetation, fauna, and people.

Consequently, many of the remains and artifacts of Europe’s prehistory are now underwater.

Pre-humans inhabited the Black Sea coast 1.8 million years ago, the coast of northern Spain over 1 million years ago and the coast of Britain at least 800,000 years ago, the now-drowned land includes some of the earliest routes from Africa into Europe, and the areas where people survived during the multiple Ice Ages.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Ancient astronomy: Mechanical inspiration”

October 24, 2014, Nature, UK
“The ancient Greeks’ vision of a geometrical Universe seemed to come out of nowhere. Could their ideas have come from the internal gearing of an ancient mechanism?

Two thousand years ago, a Greek mechanic set out to build a machine that would model the workings of the known Universe.

The result was a complex clockwork mechanism that displayed the motions of the Sun, Moon and planets on precisely marked dials.

By turning a handle, the creator could watch his tiny celestial bodies trace their undulating paths through the sky.

The mechanic’s name is now lost. But his machine, dubbed the Antikythera mechanism, is by far the most technologically sophisticated artefact that survives from antiquity.

Since a reconstruction of the device hit the headlines in 2006, it has revolutionized ideas about the technology of the ancient world, and has captured the public imagination as the apparent pinnacle of Greek scientific achievement.

The remains of the Antikythera mechanism were salvaged from a shipwreck in 1901 (see ‘Celestial mirror from the deep’) and are now held in the National Archaeological Museum in Athens.”

[Read The Full Story]


“10 ancient ships found in Binh Chau waters: archaeologists”

October 20, 2014, VietNamNet Bridge, Viet Nam
“During an international seminar on underwater archeology in Vietnam and Southeast Asia, held in Quang Ngai province last week, hundreds of scientists and underwater archeologists conducted a survey and a scuba diving tour in Binh Chau.

After a survey and diving tour in Binh Chau near Quang Ngai province in central Vietnam, international experts have praised the area as unique because of its many mysterious ancient sunken ships.

The Antikythera wreck was first discovered in 1900 by sponge divers who were blown off course by a storm.

At the age of 80, underwater archeologist Borje Rorssell (Sweden) did not hesitate to wear diving clothes and scuba to explore the waters of Binh Chau.

After two hours of diving to see wrecks there, Rorssell said the shipwrecks contained many ceramic antiquities with beautiful patterns.

Introducing this ‘graveyard of ancient ships’ to international friends, Vietnamese underwater cultural heritage expert – Nguyen Tuan Lam – said scientists surveyed an area within a radius of 10 km2 in the Strait of Vung Tau of Binh Chau Commune.

They discovered 10 ancient sunken ships.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Return to Antikythera dive unearths new treasures”

October 10, 2014, Daily Mail Online, UK
“Underwater archaeologists looking for buried treasures from an ancient shipwreck in Greece have completed their first ‘spacewalk under the sea’.

The high-tech ‘Exosuit’ is being used to explore the Antikythera shipwreck, and has allowed them to dive to more than double the depths of previous expeditions.

It was on this location that the so-called Antikythera Mechanism – a 2nd-century BC device dubbed the world’s oldest computer – was discovered by sponge divers in 1900 off the remote Greek island.

The highly complex mechanism, consisting of up to 40 bronze cogs and gears, was used by the ancient Greeks to track the cycles of the solar system.

It was so advanced, it took another 1,500 years for an astrological clock of similar sophistication to be made in Europe.”

[Read The Full Story]

[This story has some of the most incredible hi-res underwater images of the marine archaeologists saerching the wreck area that I have ever seen. I recommend you visit the site to get the full story and see the images for yourselves. Well Done Daily Mail!

Even more incredible images and further details can be found on the Return to Antikythera Blog ‘Archive for October 2014 ‘ and is well worth bookmarking – Ed.]


“New Antikythera Discoveries Prove Luxury Cargo Survives”

October 09, 2014, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, USA
“A Greek and international team of divers and archaeologists has retrieved stunning new finds from an ancient Greek ship that sank more than 2,000 years ago off the remote island of Antikythera.

The rescued antiquities include tableware, ship components, and a giant bronze spear that would have belonged to a life-sized warrior statue.

The Antikythera wreck was first discovered in 1900 by sponge divers who were blown off course by a storm.

They subsequently recovered a spectacular haul of ancient treasure including bronze and marble statues, jewellery, furniture, luxury glassware, and the surprisingly complex Antikythera Mechanism.

But they were forced to end their mission at the 55-meter-deep site after one diver died of the bends and two were paralyzed.

Ever since, archaeologists have wondered if more treasure remains buried beneath the sea bed.”

[Read The Full News Release]


“Tracing our ancestors at the bottom of the sea”

October 06, 2014, Science Daily, USA
“A new European Marine Board report recommends exploration of sea-submerged settlements abandoned by our ancestors.

A specialist group of European researchers are studying the remains of prehistoric human settlements which are now submerged beneath our coastal seas.

Some of these drowned sites are tens of thousands of years old.

From the progressive discovery and analysis of these prehistoric remains, a new scientific field has emerged, combining the expertise from many disciplines including archaeology, oceanography and the geosciences.

The new field is called Continental Shelf Prehistoric Research.”

[Read The Full Story]

[Download The EMB paper ‘Land Beneath The Waves’ in .pdf]

[It’s about time that academia took seriously the pioneering work of those who’ve been looking beneath the seas for the past 20+ years and more for evidence of submerged ancient coastal settlements that it should have been obvious, even to the archaeological establishment, were
always to be found there.

The continental shelf off the European coast, known as The Celtic Shelf, saw political interference preventing exploration for many years as European countries tried to hide discovery of their “listening devices” planted during the Cold War period. You can download The EMB position paper ‘Land Beneath The Waves’ in .pdf – Ed.]


“Wreck thought to be from Mongol invasion attempt
found near Nagasaki”

October 03, 2014, Asahi Shimbun, Japan
“A wreck found off Takashima island here is likely part of a Mongol invasion fleet that came to grief in a typhoon more than 700 years ago.

The discovery was announced Oct. 2 by archeologists with the University of the Ryukyus and the Matsuura city board of education who are researching the Takashima Kozaki underwater historic site.

Numerous artifacts have been recovered from the seabed from wrecks of fleets dispatched in 1274 and 1281 to invade Japan.

In both invasion attempts, battles were fought in northern Kyushu.

The fleet of 4,400 vessels sent by Kublai Khan in 1281 was wrecked near Takashima island in a storm the Japanese dubbed ‘kamikaze’ (divine wind) for ultimately saving their homeland from the Mongols.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Return to the Antikythera Shipwreck:
Marine Archaeology Goes High-Tech”

September 29, 2014, Scientific American, USA
“The yellow, torpedo-shaped vehicles glided through the clear Mediterranean water just 10 feet above the 2,000-year-old shipwreck on the bottom.

During the weekend of September 20 the autonomous underwater vehicles made 40 long passes over the area that is home to the most famous of all ancient wrecks, the Antikythera ‘treasure ship’, taking its picture in detail for the first time.

Researchers are now processing the data from about 50,000 photos to create a three-dimensional photo map of the site.

Even though the wreck has been visited before, this is the first mapping of it and one of only a handful of 3D maps of ancient underwater sites ever developed.

The large, loaded vessel was caught in a storm some time around 70 B.C. and it crashed into a sheer rock wall along the island of Antikythera and sank.

The ship carried a huge array of precious objects-the richest cache ever found in the Mediterranean-from life-sized bronze and marble statues to gem-encrusted gold jewelry, coins and the only example of an ancient analog computer, now called the ‘Antikythera mechanism.'”

[Read The Full Story]

[Scientific American published a feature about the computer in 2009 – Ed.]


“B.C. archaeologists scour seabed off Haida Gwaii
in search for ancient civilizations”

September 23, 2014, Metro News, Canada
“A team of archeologists at the University of Victoria may be on the verge of discovering signs of ancient human life at the bottom of the ocean.

It’s not Atlantis they’re after, but possible 13,000 year old settlements off the coast of Haida Gwaii that would have been lush grassland before the end of the last ice age caused sea levels to rise as much as 150 metres.

The copper ingots led the youth to go to the curator of the local museum.

After an incredibly successful 10-day research trip that saw researchers use a $1.5 million Bluefin automated underwater vehicle to survey 100 linear kilometers of ancient riverbeds, archaeologist Quentin Mackie believes his team is on the verge of a historical breakthrough.

‘We’ve known that sea levels were much lower towards the end of the ice age, so we decided to try to find archaeological sites and evidence of people on the sea floor’, explained Mackie.

‘I had this idea that if people were using fish traps and weirs along the river, we could target the area for those items.'”

[Read The Full Story]


“3,300-year-old ‘Titanic of the Med’ gives invaluable
clues to Mideast’s past”

September 14, 2014, Ha’aretz, Israel
“About 3,300 years ago a large ship left the northern Mediterranean Sea region carrying a treasure of copper, tin, glass, gold, silver and other materials to an unknown destination.

In 1983 the ship was accidentally discovered by a 13-year-old diving for sponges near the Turkish fishing town of Kas.

The copper ingots led the youth to go to the curator of the local museum.

The shipwreck was dug up by an excavation expedition of underwater archaeologists, first under the leadership of Professor George Bass and later under Professor Cemal Pulak, both from the Institute of Nautical Archaeology at Texas A&M University.

Excavating and documenting the 10,000 items found on the ship was a 10-year project.

The late Bronze Age shipwreck, known as the Uluburun Shipwreck, is seen as one of the most important underwater discoveries of the second half of the 20th century.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Turkey: millennia-old sunken ship discovered at Urla port”

September 10, 2014, ANSAmed, Italy
“A recent underwater excavation in the Turkish port of Urla uncovered a ship estimated to date back 4,000 years, which experts say would make it the oldest sunken ship to have been discovered in the Mediterranean, as Anadolu Agency reported.

Professor Hayat Erkanal, the head of Limantepe excavations for the underwater ancient city of Klozemenai and director of ANKUSAM, said the port dates back to the seventh century BC.

Klozemenai, he explained, was a coastal town, making it the home of many sunken ships from different eras.

An earthquake in the eighth century left the city underwater.

He said the team is currently working to determine the features and correct age of its most recent shipwreck find.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Teenager stumbles on 3,000-year-old bronze sword in river”

September 06, 2014, XinhuaNet, China
“A child in east China’s Jiangsu Province had a stroke of luck after lunging into a river and stumbling upon a 3,000-year-old bronze sword.

Yang Junxi, an 11-year-old boy, discovered upon the rusty sword on July 2 when he was playing near the Laozhoulin River in Linze Township of Gaoyou County, according to the Gaoyou Cultural Relics Bureau.

While washing hands in the river, Yang touched the tip of something hard and fished out the metal sword. He took it home and gave it to his father Yang Jinhai.

Upon hearing the news, people began flocking to Yang’s home, the father said.

‘Some people even offered high prices to buy the the sword, but I felt it would be illegal to sell the cultural relic’, Yang said.

After considering his options, the father sent the sword to the Gaoyou Cultural Relics Bureau on Sept. 3.

Initial identifications found the 26 cm-long yellow-brown sword could be dated back to more than 3,000 years ago, around the time of the Shang and Zhou dynasties, said Lyu Zhiwei, head of the cultural relics office of the bureau.”

[Read The Full Story]

[Well Done Yang Junxi! People should ALWAYS report archaeological finds to the relevant authorities – Ed.]


“Millennia-old sunken ship could be world’s oldest
researchers suggest”

September 05, 2014, Hürriyet Daily News, Turkey
“Underwater excavations led by Ankara University’s Research Center for Maritime Archaeology (ANKÜSAM) have uncovered sunken ships ranging from the second century B.C. to the Ottoman period in Izmir’s Urla district.

A recent excavation uncovered a ship estimated to date back 4,000 years, which experts say would make it the oldest sunken ship to have been discovered in the Mediterranean.

Urla Port is one of Turkey’s rare underwater excavation sites. Professor Hayat Erkanal, the head of Limantepe excavations for the underwater ancient city of Klozemenai and director of ANKÜSAM, said the port dates back to the seventh century B.C.

Klozemenai, he explained, was a coastal town, making it the home of many sunken ships from different eras.

An earthquake in the eighth century left the city underwater.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Archaeologists make spectacular discovery
off Denmark’s coast”

September 03, 2014, The Copenhagen Post, Denmark
“Archaeologists are currently raising and examining what is being called the oldest boat ever found in Denmark.

The ancient six to seven metre long vessel is estimated to be 6,500 years old – in comparison, the oldest Pyramid in Egypt is a mere 4,500 years old – and although it is damaged, archaeologists are finding it very interesting.

‘It split 6,500 years ago and they tried to fix the crack by putting a bark strip over it and drilling holes both sides of it’, Jørgen Dencker, the head of marine archaeology at the Viking Ship Museum in Roskilde, told DR Nyheder.

‘That two-millimetre wide strip has been preserved.'”

[Read The Full Story]


“2,700-Year-Old Phoenician Shipwreck Discovered”

August 27, 2014, Discovery News, USA
“An international team of researchers has discovered the remains of a Phoenician ship that sunk in the waters off the island of Malta around 700 BC, Maltese authorities announced this week.

One of the oldest shipwrecks found in the Mediterranean, the vessel is about 50 feet long. It was found at a depth of 400 feet on the sandy seabed of Gozo island, the second-largest island in the Maltese archipelago.

‘There are very good chances that the wooden hull is still present, buried beneath the sand’, Timmy Gambin, a senior lecturer in maritime archaeology at the University of Malta and the co-director of the project, told Discovery News.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Russian Archaeologists Search for Remains of Ancient Civilization Under Lake Issyk Kul”

August 25, 2014, RIA Novosti, Russia
“Russian archaeologists are conducting an underwater expedition in search of the remains of an ancient civilization at the bottom of the lake Issyk Kul in Kyrgyzstan, Nikolay Lukashov, the president of the Russian Confederation of Underwater Activities, told RIA Novosti Monday.

‘During the expedition, which is led by Professor Vladimir Ploskikh from the Kyrgyz Academy of Sciences, Kyrgyz and Russian scientists plan to explore underwater archaeological sites to test the hypothesis of the ancient, so-called Andronovo culture, located in the area that is now flooded by the waters of Issyk Kul’, Lukashov said.

According to Lukashov, underwater archeologists are to continue their studies of a settlement that was discovered at the bottom of the lake during the last expedition.

Radiocarbon dating has shown the flooded settlement existed for over 3,000 years.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Ancient Shipwreck off Malta Leaves 700 BC Cargo”

August 25, 2014, ABC News / AP, USA
“Divers near a Maltese island have found an ancient ship’s cargo that experts say is yielding what could be some of the oldest Phoenician artifacts.

University of Malta researcher Timothy Gambin said Monday the 20 grinding stones and 50 amphorae from the ship date back to around 700 B.C.

Experts hope to find parts of the ship and other artifacts beneath the sandy seabed 1 mile (1. 6 kilometers) off Gozo island.

They say the ship probably was sailing between Sicily and Malta when it sank.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Fisherman Pulls Up Beastly Evidence of Early Americans”

August 13, 2014, Discovery Daily News, USA
“A 22,000-year-old mastodon skull and tool dredged from the seafloor in the Chesapeake Bay hints of early settlers in North America.

The two relics, which were pulled up together, may come from a place that hasn’t been dry land since 14,000 years ago.

If so, the combination of the finds may suggest that people lived in North America, and possibly butchered the mastodon, thousands of years before people from the Clovis culture, who are widely thought to be the first settlers of North America and the ancestors of all living Native Americans.

But that hypothesis is controversial, with one expert saying the finds are too far removed from their original setting to draw any conclusions from them.

That’s because the bones were found in a setting that makes it tricky for scientists to say with certainty where they originated and how they are related to one another.”
[Read The Full Story]


“History under Seabed”

August 09, 2014, The New Indian Express, India
“Dr P Rajendran, UGC research scientist and archaeologist at the Department of History of Kerala University, said here on Friday that it is for the first time that Chinese coins, potteries and Lower Palaeolithic tools were discovered from below the seabed in India. Prehistoric cupules also have been discovered, for the first time.

Delivering a lecture here at the Samskrithi Bhavan organised under the aegis of the Bharateeya Vichara Kendram, he said archaeological discoveries in recent months include Chinese coins, celadon wares of the Chinese, Roman pottery, Arab coins and Lower Palaeolithic tools from below the seabed at Thangassery in Kollam district.

Stone Age Petroglyphs in the form of cupules at Mattidampara in Kadakkal rock-shelter of Kollam district and the same type of cupules at Piralimattam caves in Ernakulam district;

Chinese coins from Sasthamcottah lake in the Kallada river basin, and the latest is the Neolithic stone axe having Brahmi scripts from Kalady in Ernakulam district.”
[Read The Full Story]


“On the hunt for an ancient society in Lake Huron”

August 08, 2014, The Globe & Mail, Canada
“Lisa Sonnenburg cradles a stone flake about the size of a fingernail in the palm of her hand.

‘This is one of our best ones’, said the geoarcheaologist at the University of Michigan. ‘What’s cool about this is you can actually see where it’s been split off from the rock.’

To Dr. Sonnenburg and her colleagues, the fragment bears the mark of a human maker.

What makes that interesting – and controversial – is that the flake was scooped up last summer from a layer of 9,000-year-old sediment at the bottom of Lake Huron.

The group contends it is one of many signs that point to the existence of a submerged hunting complex that is more than twice as old as Stonehenge and the Great Pyramids of Egypt.”
[Read The Full Story]


“Europe’s oldest village sought under Greek bay”

August 05, 2014, KRMG News / AP, USA
“The world’s largest solar-powered boat has arrived in southern Greece to participate in an ambitious underwater survey that will seek traces of what could be one of the oldest human settlements in Europe.

The Swiss-Greek project starts next week and archaeologists hope it will shed new light on how the first farming communities spread through the continent.

Working near a major prehistoric site, they will investigate a bay aptly called Kiladha – Greek for valley.

The area was once dry land and archaeologists operating off the MS Turanor PlanetSolar hope it may contain sunken remains of buildings from Neolithic times, when farming started, about 9,000 years ago.”
[Read The Full Story]


“World’s largest solar-powered boat in underwater archaeological mission in Greece”

August 04, 2014, Shanghai Daily, China
“The largest solar-powered boat in the world, the Turanor Planet Solar, sailed in Piraeus port in Greece on Monday to take part in an underwater archaeological investigation off the coasts of Peloponnese peninsula.

‘The largest museum of the world is in the Greek sea. There are more than 1,500 shipwrecks down there and their research will help us understand more about our origins’, Greek Minister of Culture, Konstantinos Tassoulas said along with the scientific crew of the 31-meters- long catamaran during a press conference.

The vessel arrived in Greece to explore one of Europe’s oldest human settlements off the Franchthi cave in the Argolic Gulf, in the southeast of Peloponnese. “
[Read The Full Story]


“Second ancient shipwreck found in Romania’s Black Sea”

August 04, 2014, Romania Insider, Romania
“Two Romanian divers recently found a shipwreck from the Hellenic period in Romania’s Black Sea, the second such discovery in the last month.

Divers Iulian Rusu and Pascale Roibu found the remains of an ancient ship in the antic harbor area in seaside city Constanta, at a depth of 17 meters, according to Digi24 TV station.”
[Read The Full Story]


“1,050 pieces of relics found in ancient sunken ship”

July 14, 2014, ECNS, China
“A total of 1,050 pieces of relics have been found at the sunken ship Xiaobaijiao-1, which dates back to Daoguang Period of Qing Dynasty (1821-1850), until July 6, 2014.

The underwater archaeological work of the sunken ship was launched in 2012.

Its excavated relics include blue and white porcelain wares, five-colored porcelains, purple clay teapots, jade seals and Spanish silver coins.

The Xiaobaijiao-1 is an ancient merchant wooden vessel which sank nearly two centuries ago off the coast of east China’s Zhejiang province.”

[Read The Full Story]
[many incredible underwater photos – Ed.]


“China boosts underwater archeological protection”

July 10, 2014, People’s Daily, China
“As China attempts to register the Maritime Silk Road with UNESCO, protection of archeological sites in the South China Sea is underway.

Shipwrecks around Shanhu and Jinyin islands in the Xisha archipelago will be excavated over the next two years, Wang Yiping, head of cultural heritage for Hainan Province, told Xinhua.

Stone building material and carvings dating back to the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) have been discovered at the sites.

The material may have been carried by unfortunate Chinese emigrants whose ships sank.

Such immigrants are known to have constructed traditional Chinese homes and temples at their destinations in Southeast Asia.”

[Read The Full Story]


“New international mission ready to explore
Antikythera shipwreck”

July 09, 2014, eKathimerini, Greece
“Around two-and-a-half years ago the National Archaeological Museum inaugurated ‘The Shipwreck of Antikythera: The Ship – the Treasures – the Mechanism.’

The exhibition on the wreck that went down in the second quarter of the 1st century BC – taking with it artworks, coins and other artifacts, along with the world’s oldest known analog computer, the ‘Antikythera mechanism’ – was so successful that it prompted scientists and archaeologists to revisit the location where the shipwreck had been discovered, just off the coast of Antikythera in the southern Aegean.

An event was recently organized to mark the closing of the exhibition in Athens, before it travels to Switzerland, where it will go on display in 2015.

During the event, a large-scale expedition to the shipwreck was announced, which will run for a month from September 15, bringing together Greek and international experts.

With the aid of new technology, the archaeologists and scientists will dive down to the shipwreck, where they are expected to make great new discoveries.”
[Read The Full Story]


“Doggerland’s lost world shows melting glaciers have drowned lands before, and may again”

May 23, 2014, Heritage Daily, UK
“When scientists from Imperial College released a simulation of a tsunami, triggered by a vast undersea landslide at Storrega off the coast of Norway around 6000 BC, it probably came as a surprise to many in north-west Europe that their reassuringly safe part of the world had been subject to such a cataclysmic event.

The researchers suggest that this succession of destructive waves up to 14 metres high may have depopulated an area that is now in the middle of the North Sea, known as Doggerland.

However, melting ice at the end of the last ice age around 18,000 years ago led to rising sea levels that inundated vast areas of continental shelves around the world.

These landscapes, which had been home to populations of hunter gatherers for thousands of years were gradually overwhelmed by millions of tonnes of meltwater swelling the ocean.

Doggerland, essentially an entire prehistoric European country, disappeared beneath the North Sea, its physical remains preserved beneath the marine silts but lost to memory.

Although effectively untouched and largely untouchable, the existence of these landscapes had been appreciated since the 19th century.

Their potential significance was such that the archaeologist Graham Clark, father of British Mesolithic studies, wrote in 1936 that:

‘It would be possible to take comfort from the fact that such cultures might not have existed, were it not eminently probable that they not only existed, but flourished, under conditions more favourable than those inland.'”

[Read The Full Story]


“Byzantine ancestors of tablet computers
found in Yenikapi diggings”

May 07, 2014, Mother Nature News, USA
“Yenikap? excavations that started nearly 10 years ago has brought back Istanbul’s historical heritage to 8,500 years.

A wooden notebook, which was found in a sunken ship, the replica of which will sail, is considered the Byzantine’s invention akin to the likes of the modern-day tablet computer.

During archaeological excavations, experts have also found striking information on animal culture, such as the meat of many animals, like horses and wild donkeys were eaten in the ancient era.

Remains unearthed in the excavations drew great attention not only in Turkish, but also in world archaeology.

The remains have survived as organic products, which greatly impressed the scientific world.

Speaking about the remains, the project team member Associate Professor Ufuk Kocabas said they had found organic products in Yenikapi area, which was known as Theodosius Port in Byzantine, a rare discovery.

He said 60 percent of the sunken ship had survived in a preserved condition.”
[Read The Full Story]


“Sunken ship yields treasure trove of gold bars and coins”

May 06, 2014, Mother Nature News, USA
“Researchers have recovered over 60 lbs. of gold so far, and plan to conduct a full excavation of the shipwreck — but value has yet to be determined.

In 1857, during the dwindling years of the California Gold Rush, a steamship loaded with some 30,000 pounds (13,600 kilograms) of gold was ensnared in a hurricane and sunk off the coast of South Carolina, banishing gold bars and freshly minted coins to the bottom of the sea.

Last month, during a reconnaissance expedition to the wreckage of the so-called “Ship of Gold,” more than 60 lbs. (27 kg) of the lost treasure was recovered.

Odyssey Marine Exploration Inc., a company that specializes in deep-ocean exploration, retrieved five gold bars and two gold coins — one from 1850 that was minted in Philadelphia, and the other from 1857 that was minted in San Francisco — from the sunken ship known as the SS Central America.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Silent for two centuries, doomed ship’s timepiece
discovered by researchers”

May 02, 2014, San Marcos Mercury, USA
“Recent deep water archaeological dives sponsored in part by The Meadows Center for Water and the Environment at Texas State University have uncovered a key artifact that may shed more light on three mysterious shipwrecks off the Texas coast.

This was just the latest discovery made as part of the Gulf of Mexico expedition by NOAA Ship Okeanos Explorer.

The expedition heads to investigate another potential shipwreck site on Thursday, April 24. The public is invited to view live video from the Gulf.

‘These sites never fail to amaze as to the preservation of the artifacts and what we continue to find intact on the sites’, said Meadows Center underwater archaeologist Fritz Hanselmann.

‘Artifacts such as this chronometer serve as a tangible connection to our past and shed light on aspects of history that are unknown.'”

[Read The Full Story]


“9,000-Year-Old Caribou Hunting Structure
Found Submerged in Lake Huron”

April 28, 2014, Popular Archaeology, USA
“According to the results of an underwater archaeological investigation conducted by a multidisciplinary team of researchers, rock structures located on a ridge beneath Lake Huron indicate probable evidence of organized seasonal caribou hunting more than 9,000 years ago.

Known as the submerged Alpena-Amberley Ridge (AAR), it provided a dry land bridge between Michigan and Ontario 9,000 years ago.

Using sonar surveys, investigation by a remotely operated vehicle (ROV), and scuba-equipped underwater archaeologists, team leader John O’Shea of the Museum of Anthropological Archaeology, University of Michigan, and colleagues identified ancient human-made structures on the ridge, structures that they suggest were likely used for caribou hunting.

One such site, called the Drop 45 Drive Lane, consists of two parallel rock-lined paths, suggested by the researchers to have been used to funnel caribou into an 8-meter-wide lane.

They also identified what they call V-shaped hunting blinds set above the lane on a hill. Scuba-trained archaeologists recovered eleven flakes of chert, typical by-products of stone tool repair or maintenance.

Scientists have long theorized that Paleoindian and archaic indian hunters pursued and entrapped their prey by using cooperative, organized techniques, requiring a sophisticated level of social interaction and planning.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Finding Long-Lost Shipwrecks Is Part of Canada’s
Strategy to Win the Arctic”

April 26, 2014, Motherboard, USA
“After spending taxpayer dollars on several scientific expeditions scouring the Arctic for remnants of Sir John Franklin’s 1845 lost Arctic voyage, Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s dreams of finding the HMS Erebus and Terror have so far come up short – and with them, his attempts to build a historical narrative aimed at bolstering Canada’s claims to the Arctic seafloor.

There was hope in a Canadian Forces release today, when the Harper government triumphantly announced new images captured of the Breadalbane, one of the sunken ships originally tasked with finding survivors of Franklin’s voyage – which makes it one of the only substantial artifacts linking Canada with the lost Franklin expedition.

‘Personnel deployed on Operation NUNALIVUT 2014 have captured exciting new footage of the sunken merchant ship Breadalbane, a National Historic Site of Canada’, reads the emailed release.

Funny thing is this isn’t new: The sunken Breadalbane, a merchant supply ship originally sunk in 1853,was already discovered completely intact in 1983.

But that didn’t stop Canada’s Environment Minister Leona Aglukkaq, herself a native of Nunavut, from overselling the mission as a public triumph.

‘Our government is committed to protecting Canada’s rich natural heritage and historic sites’, she said.

In fact, I’ve personally seen Franklin expedition related artifacts in glass displays outside of the prime minister’s office in Ottawa. The symbolism isn’t lost: Harper wants the Arctic.

Finding Franklin’s ships, the HMS Erebus and Terror, will help establish for his relatively young country the historical chops to compete with Russia’s own aggressive claim over disputed and potentially resource-rich Arctic land.

Of course, Canada didn’t exist at the time of Franklin’s journey, and any actual historical link with the voyage is tenuous.”
[Read The Full Story]

[An excellent story showing, yet again, how archaeology is being used to make dubious claims to other lands – just as Israel does when annexing Palestinian territory based on dubious archaeological discoveries supposedly showing connections to the Old Testament. Well worth a visit to the Motherboard website – Ed.]


“U.N. Focuses on Underwater Cultural Heritage of
Small Islands”

April 25, 2014, IEDE, Netherlands
“Large amounts of underwater shipwrecks are bringing new opportunities to Small Island Developing States (SIDS) through scientific cooperation and tourism, according to the U.N. Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

‘These wrecks are time capsules of history as they have carried with them the technology, material culture, and objects from their current time, place, and culture of origin’, said Reginald Murphy, Secretary-General of the Antigua and Barbuda National Commission for UNESCO, during a side event Tuesday to discuss the potentials, preservation and use of Underwater Cultural Heritage in SIDS.

The Atlantic slave trade that brought slaves from Africa to the Americas during the 16th to 19th century, for example, has left an abundance of underwater remnants ideal for research, education and development.

Anyone of African decent living on Turks and Caicos Islands (islands located 550 miles southeast of Miami, Florida) can trace their ancestry to the 193 slaves who survived the wreck of the slave ship “Trouvadore” in 1841, according to Murphy. “
[Read The Full Story]


“The real flood: Submerged prehistory”

April 10, 2014, Past Horizons, UK
“As a specialist in prehistoric underwater archaeology,
Dr Jonathan Benjamin looks at rising sea levels differently from most people and his fascination with this global phenomenon began when as a PhD candidate at Edinburgh University he came across the work of the Danish archaeologists Anders Fischer and Søren H Anderson.

In the 1970s and 1980s, Fischer and Anderson recovered some of the most well preserved material ever seen from sites such as the 6,500-year-old settlement at Tybrind Vig.

This was the first submerged settlement excavated in Denmark and from 1977 was the scene of intensive archaeological activity.

Lying 300m from the present shoreline and beneath 3 metres of water, divers excavated sensationally well-preserved artefacts from the Ertebølle Culture.

This included dugout boats and decorated wooden paddles, and gave unprecedented insight into the everyday lives of the prehistoric societies of Northern Europe.”
Read The Full Story]

[Dr. Benjamin co-edited a book, “Submerged Prehistory”, which has 25 peer-reviewed contributions from leading marine archaeologists that examines existing practice and new developments in the field of submerged prehistoric landscape research – Ed.]


“Flood myths reveal our changing coastline and climate”

April 01, 2014, The Conversation, UK
“It is said that if you listen carefully on the shores of Aberdyfi in northwest Wales you can hear the bells of
the drowned church of Maes Gwyddno ringing a sad lament beneath the waves.

Such tales suggest that catastrophic flooding is nothing new for the coastal communities of Britain.

In fact diluvian myths abound in cultures across the world: the 700BC Epic of Gilgamesh, Babylonian accounts of a Great Flood, Manu’s building of the great boat in Hindu mythology, Zeus’ punishment of humanity using a great flood, and of course the tale of Noah from the Bible – all these indicate the widespread effects of rapid sea level change.”

[Read The Full Story]

[And please take a look at our Marine Archaeology News Archive to get details of many ‘sunken lands’ from all corners of the globe – Ed.]


“Sunken ship from 1765 found off Argentina”

March 09, 2014, MineMSN, Australia
“A team of archaeologists in Argentina has pinpointed the location of the 1765 shipwreck of a Spanish merchant ship off the southern coast.

It is the oldest wrecked ship of twelve that were identified along 200km off the windswept Tierra del Fuego coast.

The ship, “La Purisima Concepcion”, went down January 10, 1765 off the Mitre peninsula – about 3,500km south of Buenos Aires – as it headed for the turbulent Cape Horn after sailing from Cadiz and stopping in Montevideo.”
[Read The Full Story]


“Prehistoric forest uncovered by storms in Cardigan Bay
in pictures”

February 21, 2014, The Guardian, UK
“A prehistoric forest, an eerie landscape including the trunks of hundreds of oaks that died more than 4,500 years ago, has been revealed by the ferocious storms which stripped thousands of tons of sand from beaches in Cardigan Bay.

The forest of Borth once stretched for miles on boggy land between Borth and Ynyslas, before climate change and rising sea levels buried it under layers of peat, sand and saltwater.

The skeletal trees are said to have given rise to the local legend of a lost kingdom, Cantre’r Gwaelod, drowned beneath the waves.

The trees stopped growing between 4,500 and 6,000 years ago, as the water level rose and a thick blanket of peat formed.”
[Read The Full Story]

[There are several versions of the story of Cantre’r Gwaelod online, and my favourite website which relates them all is on Celtnet and can be found here – Ed.]


“Divers observe underwater Byzantine basilica
discovered in Iznik Lake”

February 12, 2014, Hürriyet Daily News, Turkey
“A professional diving team monitored and photographed the recently discovered underwater basilica in ?znik Lake. It is a rare heritage, say officials.

Experts made their first diving into to the remains of a nearly 1,600 year-old basilica, which was recently discovered under Lake ?znik during a photo shoot from the air.

The early Byzantine era basilica, which has the traces of early Christianity architecture, was found about 20 meters from the shore.

A professional diving team, which arrived in the northwestern province of Bursa’s ?znik district upon the invitation of the Bursa Municipality, along with a team from the Anatolia Agency, scanned the basilica in details.

Experts in the diving team made technical observations and measurement in the main body of the basilica.

The team, which was also accompanied by the archaeologists of the ?znik Museum Directorate, remained under water for some 2.5 hours.

The rite room and naves, which separate the structure into three main parts, were closely monitored and photographed.”
[Read The Full Story]


“Rare bronze statue of Greek god Apollo found in Gaza”

February 11, 2014, Hürriyet Daily News, Turkey
“Lost for centuries, a rare bronze statue of the Greek god Apollo has mysteriously resurfaced in the Gaza Strip, only to be seized by police and vanish almost immediately from view.

Word of the remarkable find has caught the imagination of the world of archaeology, but the police cannot say when the life-sized bronze might re-emerge or where it might be put on display.

A local fisherman says he scooped the 500-kg god from the sea bed last August, and carried it home on a donkey cart, unaware of the significance of his catch.

Others soon guessed at its importance, and the statue briefly appeared on Ebay with a $500,000 price tag – well below its true value.

Police from the Islamist group Hamas, who rule the isolated Palestinian territory, swiftly seized it and say they are investigating the affair.

To their great frustration, archaeologists have not been able to get their hands on the Apollo, and instead must pore over a few blurred photographs of the intact deity, who is laid out incongruously on a blanket emblazoned with Smurfs.

From what they can tell it was cast sometime between the 5th and the 1st century BC, making it at least 2,000 years old.”
[Read The Full Story]


“Shipwreck may yield clues to ancient trade link”

February 06, 2014, The Hindu, India
“In a bid to find clues about the historical link between Rome and Asia during ancient times, an international team of archaeologists is set to embark on an excavation drive at the oldest known shipwreck in the Indian Ocean.

The sunken ship has been sitting on the seafloor off the southern coast of Sri Lanka for some 2,000 years and was discovered in 2003.

The shipwreck lies 33 metres below the ocean’s surface, just off the fishing village of Godavaya where German archaeologists in the 1990s had discovered a harbour that was an important port along the maritime Silk Road during the second century AD.

‘Everything is pretty broken but the wreck could fill a gap in the existing evidence for the trade that brought metals and exotic commodities like silk from Asia to the Roman world’, Deborah Carlson, president of the institute of nautical archaeology at Texas A&M University, was quoted as saying.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Turkey archaeologists unveil mystery of underwater Basilica”

January 31, 2014, ANSAmed, Italy
“Turkish archaeologists have found a few answers to the mystery of the ancient Byzantine basilica recently found at the bottom of Lake Iznik, ancient Nicaea, close to the coast of the Marmara Sea.

The remains of the big structure were found by pure chance a few months ago thanks to pictures taken to promote tourism in the area.

The silhouette of the ancient building was detected underwater and a team of archaeologists from the University Uludag in Bursa led by Mustafa Sahin started investigating.

‘Excavation’ work found the remains of a basilica probably built around the IV century AD.”
[Read The Full Story]


“Remains of Byzantine basilica discovered
at the bottom of Lake Iznik”

January 28, 2014, Hürriyet Daily News, Turkey
“The remains of an ancient basilica have been discovered about 20 meters from shore in Bursa’s Lake Iznik, according to local archaeologists.

‘We have found church remains. It is in a basilica plan and has three naves’, said Mustafa Sahin, an archaeology professor at Bursa Uluda? University.

The foundations of the church are currently lying in water that is about 1.5 to two meters deep.

‘This church’s remains are similar to the Hagia Sophia in Iznik. This is why we estimated that it was built in the fifth century A.D.’, said Sahin.”

[Read The Full Story]


“Swedish divers unearth ‘Stone Age Atlantis'”

January 28, 2014, The Daily Star, UK
“Divers in Sweden have discovered a rare collection of Stone Age artefacts buried deep beneath the Baltic Sea.

Archaeologists believe the relics were left by Swedish nomads 11,000 years ago and the discovery may be evidence of one of the oldest settlements ever found in the Nordic region.

Some of the relics are so well preserved, reports have dubbed the find ‘Sweden’s Atlantis’ and suggested the settlement may have been swallowed whole by the sea in the same way as the mythical island in the Atlantic Ocean.

The artefacts were discovered by Professor Bjorn Nilsson from Soderton University, and a team from Lunds University, during an archaeological dive at Hano, off the coast of Skane County in Sweden.

Buried 16 metres below the surface, Nilsson uncovered wood, flint tools, animal horns and ropes.”
[Read The Full Story]


“Ancient stone bridge revealed after Chinese lake dries up”

January 02, 2014, Hürriyet Daily News, Turkey
“A stone bridge dating back to the Ming dynasty has been discovered after water levels plunged at China’s largest freshwater lake, a Beijing newspaper reported Friday.

The remains of the 2,930-metre-long bridge, made entirely of granite and dating back nearly 400 years, appeared at Poyang lake in the central province of Jiangxi, the Beijing News reported.

The lake, which has been as large as 4,500 square kilometres in the past, has been drying up in recent years due to a combination of low rainfall and the impact of the Three Gorges Dam, experts say.”
[Read The Full Story]


To understand why this News Page is sometimes late here is some information about Fibromyalgia

The Morien Institute
Research Projects
if you would like to support our Marine Archæology research
please send us a book
My Wish List
from our Wish List

Books featuring the Yonaguni underwater structures

“Voices of the Rocks: A Scientist Looks at Catastrophes and Ancient Civilizations”

Dr Robert M. Schoch

Get This Book From:

“The great 19th-century battle between catastrophists and uniformitarians seemed to end with the notion of global cataclysms being dismissed as a back door to the supernatural.

But the catastrophist theory has gradually become more and more plausible, so that now, less than a hundred years later, it is widely believed that mass extinctions are linked to meteor strikes.”

“Voyages of the

Pyramid Builders”

Dr Robert M. Schoch

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“Is it a mere coincidence that pyramids are found across our globe? Did cultures ranging across vast spaces in geography and time, such as the ancient Egyptians; early Buddhists; the Maya, Inca, Toltec, and Aztec civilizations of the Americas; the Celts of the British Isles; and even the Mississippi Indians of pre-Columbian Illinois, simply dream the same dreams and envision the same structures?

Japan’s Mysterious Pyramids:

Only Available On NTSC DVD

Do undersea relics near Okinawa offer proof of a sophisticated civilization during the last ice age?

“Underworld: Flooded
Kingdoms of the
Ice Age”

Graham Hancock

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Get This Book From:

“From Graham Hancock, bestselling author of Fingerprints of the Gods, comes a mesmerizing book that takes us on a captivating underwater voyage to find the ruins of a lost civilization that’s been hidden for thousands of years beneath the world’s oceans. While Graham Hancock is no stranger to stirring up heated controversy among scientific experts, his books and television documentaries have intrigued millions of people around the world and influenced many to rethink their views about the origins of human civilization.

Now he returns with an explosive new work of archaeological detection. In Underworld, Hancock continues his remarkable quest underwater, where, according to almost a thousand ancient myths from every part of the globe, the ruins of a lost civilization, obliterated in a universal flood, are to be found.”

“Heaven’s Mirror”

Graham Hancock

Get This Book From:

Hancock’s chief thesis in

“Heaven’s Mirror”
is that numerous ancient sites and monuments – the pyramids of Mexico and Egypt, the ruins of Angkor Wat in Cambodia, the monuments of Yonaguni in the Pacific, and the megaliths of Peru and Bolivia – are situated in such a way, geodetically, that they point towards some separate and uniform influence, some lost civilization or “invisible college” of astronomer-priests.

Japan’s Mysterious Pyramids:

Only Available

Do undersea relics near Okinawa offer proof of a sophisticated civilization during the last ice age?

The Morien Institute
Research Projects
if you would like to support our marine archaeology research
please send us a book
My Wish List
from our Wish List

“Eden in the East: The Drowned Continent of Southeast Asia”


Stephen Oppenheimer

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“A book that completetly changes the established and conventional view of prehistory by relocating the Lost Eden – the world’s 1st civilization – to S.E. Asia.

At the end of the Ice Age, SouthEast Asia formed a continent twice the size of India, which included Indochina, Malaysia, Indonesia and Borneo.

The South China Sea, the Gulf of Thailand and the Java sea, which were all dry, formed the connecting parts of the continent.

Geologically, this half sunken continent is the Shunda shelf or Sundaland.

He produces evidence from ethnography, archaeology, oceanography, from creation stories, myths and sagas and from linguistics and DNA analysis, to argue that this founder civilization was destroyed by a catastrophic flood, caused by a rapid rise in the sea level at the end of the last ice age.”


October 2002
Morien Institute

illustrated interview with
Professor Masaaki Kimura
of the University of the Ruykyus,
Okinawa, Japan,
the discovery of:

“Megalithic structures found underwater off the coast of
Yonaguni-jima, Japan”

please left-click to go directly the interview with Professor Masaaki Kimura


June 2002
Morien Institute

illustrated interview with
Dr Paul Weinzweig
of Advanced Digital Communications,
Havana, Cuba,
the discovery of:

“Megalithic urban ruins discovered off the coast of Cuba”

please left-click to go directly the interview with Dr Paul Weinzweig

“Maritime Archaeology:
A Technical Handbook”


Jeremy Green

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“Jeremy Green’s systematic overview of maritime archaeology offers a step-by-step description of this fast-growing field.

With new information about the use of computers and Global Positioning Systems, the second edition of this handbook shows how to extract as much information as possible from a site, how to record and document the data, and how to act ethically and responsibly with the artifacts.

Treating underwater archaeology as a discipline, the book demonstrates how archaeologists, ‘looters’, academics, and governments interact and how the market for archaeological artifacts creates obstacles and opportunities for these groups.

Well illustrated and comprehensive in its approach to the subject, this book provides an essential foundation for everybody interested in underwater environments, submerged land structures, and conditions created by sea level changes.”

Underwater Archaeology”


Jean-Yves Blot
Alexandra Campbell

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“Some of the most exciting archaeological discoveries aren’t made by Indiana Jones wannabes prowling through the jungle in search of forgotten cities or by Egyptologists looking for lost passageways in the pyramids.

They are found by divers exploring shipwrecks such as the Titanic and the U.S.S. Monitor.

Every now and then they even uncover the remains of human settlements sleeping beneath the waves.

Underwater Archaeology is an inexpensive and colorful book about the people who do this work and what they sometimes bring to the surface–a great introduction to the subject.

It is another fine title in the Discoveries series of books published by Harry N. Abrams.”

“Man: 12, 000 Years Under the Sea
a Story of Underwater Archaeology”


Robert F. Burgess
George F. Bass

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“Man: 12,000 Years Under the Sea is the dramatic story of underwater archaeology.

The work looks back at Greek divers’ discovery of ancient statues in the sea, and covers the history of marine archaeology to the present, including the recovery of Ice Age Man’s 12,000-year-old remains from the bottom of Florida springs.

Burgess writes from his experience for an assured exciting read.

In Man: 12,000 Years Under the Sea Robert Burgess gives us a peak at . . . the work done by sponge divers, treasure hunters and underwater archaeologists.

The excitement and hazard of underwater exploration is so clearly described that I was tempted to get a diving suit to join them. This book is more than intriguing, it is a necessity.”

“Encyclopedia of Underwater and Maritime Archaeology”


James P. Delgado

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“This encyclopedia is the first comprehensive reference book on the discovery and recovery of underwater archaeological remains around the world and across time.

Written by archaeologists and other scientists who have made the discoveries, it offers a wealth of authoritative and accessible information on shipwrecks, drowned cities, ritual deposits, and other relics of our submerged past.

The volume’s 450 alphabetically arranged entries cover sites from prehistory to the modern era (including Titanic), legislation and legal issues, organizations, nations and regions, research themes, and technology and techniques.

Length generally ranges from two paragraphs for reef netting and Southampton Centre for Maritime Archaeology to about four pages for Great Lakes and remote sensing.

More than 100 illustrations in color are complemented by more than 200 black-and-white drawings and photos.

Most entries append a bibliography, usually of recent books, journal articles especially from the leading journal of the discipline, International Journal of Nautical Archaeology, and professional conference papers.”

“Submerged Cultural Resource Management: Preserving and Interpreting Our Sunken
Maritime Heritage”

James D. Spirek
Della A. Scott-Ireton

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EU English Edition

“This vital book is a collection on the various ways archaeologists and resource managers have devised to make available and interpret submerged cultural resources for the public, such as underwater archaeological preserves, shipwreck trails, and land-based interpretive media and literature.

The concept of preserves, parks, and trails has proven to be an effective and popular method of public education and heritage tourism with the end result being a greater public understanding of the value of preserving and protecting shipwrecks, and other submerged cultural resources, for the future.

Within each contribution, the authors focus on: legislation; economic benefits; interpretation methods; problems and successes; future directions regarding their preserve, park, or trail programs.

Various approaches to the concept have been explored and this book is an effort to make available our experiences in the management of submerged cultural resources for the public.

This volume is an invaluable resource to underwater archaeologists, cultural and heritage resource managers, museum and heritage educators and those studying these professions.”

“Successful Underwater Photography”


Brian Skerry

Howard Hall

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EU English Edition

“From fundamental principles of photographing marine life to making a living selling underwater photographs, Successful Underwater Photography provides an unlimited wealth of practical advice, surefire strategies, and tested tips for taking extraordinary photos of elusive underwater subjects.

Written by two top photographers who specialize in marine photography, this solid, lavishly illustrated field guide provides no-nonsense information on such topics as taking available-light photographs, silhouettes, marine wildlife portraits, close-focus wide angle photographs, and extension tube photographs to name just a few.

Readers will also find proven guidance for purchasing underwater photographic equipment, taking photos of shipwrecks, and repairing and maintaining field equipment.”

“Digital Imaging for the
Underwater Photographer”


Jack Drafhal
Sue Drafhal

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EU English Edition

“How to Solve Common Problems, Repair Images and Create Dazzling Presentations; Focusing on the aspects of digital imaging that are most important to underwater photographers, this book is a step-by-step guide for the professional and amateur alike to improve their images and presentations.

Designed to help the underwater photographer make a smooth transition to digital imaging, this book discusses how to digitally refine, correct, and enhance underwater photographs.

Detailing the equipment necessary, it also includes a discussion on the essentials of scanning.

There is also extensive information on Adobe Photoshop, and how it can be used to edit underwater pictures.”

“Beneath the Seven Seas: Adventures with the Institute of Nautical Archaeology”


George F. Bass

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EU English Edition

“Readers will dive nearly 200 feet with Cemal Pulak on a royal ship that sank over 3,300 years ago off the Aegean coast of Turkey, and explore with Donny Hamilton the streets and houses of the richest English colony in the New World, the infamous pirate stronghold of Port Royal, Jamaica, swallowed by the sea in 1692.

They will accompany famed undersea explorer Robert Ballard, discoverer of the Titanic, as he and Cheryl Ward search for shipwrecks in the deep, oxygen-free waters of the Black Sea.

They will wade with archaeologist Fred Hocker through mud along the bank of a South Carolina river, and then sail through a gale with Susan Womer Katzev on a full-scale replica of the best-preserved ancient Greek ship yet raised from the depths of the Mediterranean.

The book describes the tragic loss, within sight of their loved ones, of seamen returning home to Portugal in 1606, at the end of a two-year voyage to the East on the Nossa Senhora dos Martires, and then describes the fate of the crew of another Portuguese ship, the Santo Antonio de Tanna, which sank off Mombasa, Kenya, while trying to lift the siege of Fort Jesus by Omani Arabs in 1697.”