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Underwater Discoveries - News Archive 1997

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Over the past decade or so there have been numerous discoveries about the ancient world, many of which cannot be explained by the traditional views of prehistory as interpreted by mainstream archæologists. It would be impossible to keep abreast of them all, but many have major implications for our greater understanding of the cataclysmic events of antiquity which are remembered in the stories of Atlantis, the Deucalian flood, and the flood of Noah that have been passed down from generation to generation in both oral and written traditions since time immemorial ...

Of course, there are so many ancient tales of flooded kingdoms, cataclysmic inundations and sunken lands from more or less every corner of the world, that it is difficult to avoid the basic question of whether or not they all refer to the same cataclysm, or a series of cataclysms that happened over several millennia from around 15,000 BC to around 1,500 BC? Many scientists now believe that there were a series of rapid sea-level changes which marked the abrupt end of the last Ice Age, especially at the time of Plato's original date of 9,600 BC where he placed the supposed destruction of Atlantis.

The melting ice-sheets, it is believed by 'uniformitarians', were sufficient to account for these sea-level rises, but other scientists are looking at the possibility that supermassive quantities of water-ice were rudely delivered to the Earth by a giant comet which passed close to the Earth and the Moon at the end of the Pleistocene era - again at around 11,500 years ago. This 'event' was coeval with the world's major mountain ranges - such as the Alps, the Andes, and the Himalayas - attaining their present elevations, whilst many of the world's low-lying basin areas collapsed in an abrupt series of crustal deformations caused by the gravitational effects of a celestial body in such close proximity to Earth.

Many of the world's 'deluge traditions' refer to a celestial agency as having been the cause of the global floods, as well as the major rifting of Earth's crust in numerous locations, and possibly also causing a tilt in the Earth's rotational axis which brought about the seasons and the frigid polar regions as we now know them. The mass extinctions which marked the end of the Pleistocene and the start of the present Holocene era are also dated to between 10,000 and 12,000 years ago, as are the unconsolidated jumbles of now extinct land animals, marine lifeforms, and Pleistocene flora which comprise the many types of 'drift deposits' found jammed with extreme force into caves and rock fissures worldwide.

Many species from widely differing climatic zones and habitats lie side-by-side in bits and pieces evidencing the violent nature of their common demise, and careful analysis of these suggest the cause as being not the Ice Age of the uniformitarians, but the tumultuous swirling waters of mega-tsunami. Either way, the major question which cannot any longer be reasonably avoided by serious prehistorical researchers must be:

" What more evidence of ancient civilisations, and of the sea-faring peoples of world-wide
mythology, remains to be discovered beneath the waves on the
continental shelves all around our planet?" ...


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"Team uses sub, robot to recover ancient shipwreck ruins"

July 30, 1997, CNN, USA: "Using a nuclear submarine, a robot and a high-tech mapping system, a U.S. Navy-led team has discovered an unprecedented treasure trove of shipwrecks in the deep waters of the Mediterranean.

A large concentration of shipwrecks, including one dating to the time before Christ, have been found littered along an historic trade route between North Africa and Italy.

'We were finding a Roman ship every other day with this submarine, until we finally said, 'Stop,'" said Dr. Robert D. Ballard, the expedition's chief scientist." [Full Story]


"Team uses sub, robot to recover ancient shipwreck ruins"

June 25, 1997, CNN, USA: "For millions of people who see the ocean only through the porthole of television, the voice of the sea had a soft French accent. Jacques-Yves Cousteau, who opened up the mysterious world beneath the sea to millions of landlocked viewers, died Wednesday at age 87.

His widow Francine said he died of a heart attack at 2:30 a.m. at their Paris home while recovering from a respiratory ailment, which had kept him hospitalized for months. A memorial service will be held in Notre Dame Cathedral Monday, but the Cousteau Foundation did not say where the explorer would be buried.

Cousteau's 60-year odyssey with the sea -- much of it on his famous boat the Calypso -- was more than a great adventure. He co-invented the aqualung, developed a one-person, jet-propelled submarine and helped start the first manned undersea colonies." [Full Story]


Atlantis on the Celtic Shelf & N.E. Atlantic?

A map of Western Europe highlighting the Celtic Shelf and showing the location of the capitol city of Atlantis, according Viatcheslav Koudriavtsev
Copyright 1997 IMH, Russia

The Russian Institute of Metahistory was founded in February 1997. It's Director, Viatcheslav Koudriavtsev, initiated a research expedition to search for the remains of Atlantis 130 miles to the South-West of Cornwall, on the Celtic Shelf.

His hypothesis places the site of the capitol city of Atlantis at the area known as the Little Sole Bank, which was submerged at the end of the last Ice Age. It is an interesting hypothesis, and is one of the most convincing of those that attempt to place the ancient civilisation of Atlantis in thw northwest European area.

Regretably the IMH website is no longer online, so what appears on this page is all we can now find about the work of IMH Director, Viatcheslav Koudriavtsev, and his Celtic Shelf hypothesis.

Before entering into his own hypothesis about Atlantis, the IMH Director, Viatcheslav Koudriavtsev, analyses the many objections to Plato's Timaeus and the (unfinished) Critias dialogues that raged throughout the 20th century. The recent updating of the IMH website is most welcome, as is Koudriavtsev's clear logic regarding the inadequacies in the arguments of both the opponents of the very idea of Atlantis, and the proponents of Atlantis who play about with Palto's dates citing highly improbable confusion over the numerals for 10 and 100. He makes his case, also, for dismissing the arguments that Plato 'invented' the 'idea' of Atlantis as a convenient method for expounding his views of an 'ideal city':

"Of course, the archaeological data on which modern ideas of the past of humanity are based, is vast. But the history of Earth has seen a lot of natural cataclysms of enormous proportions, and we cannot completely discard the possibility that the historical memory of humanity has indeed been curtailed, due to the destruction of material evidence by a catastrophe more violent than the ones we know of in the so-called 'historical time'. (Just imagine what the picture of life on Earth in the 19th century would have looked like a thousand years later, if both Europe and North America had been erased from the face of Earth by some catastrophe.)"

"In my opinion, the most serious argument in favour of the assumption that Atlantis had not been invented by Plato, is that the time when it vanished, as indicated by Plato, and the circumstances of its vanishing described by him (the sinking into the deep of the sea) coincide with the data which, no doubt, were inaccessible to Plato, on the time of the end of the last Ice Age and a substantial rise of the level of the World Ocean that accompanied it."

Two useful links given in the IMH bibliography which indicate the thorough scientific approach of Viatcheslav Koudriavtsev's intended expedition, and that would be essential to anyone's 'Atlantis' project are the US National Geophysical Data Center's Relative Sea Level Database and the Digital Age Map of the Ocean Floor.

In his "Atlantis: New Hypothesis", Viatcheslav Koudriavtsev provides a link to a map of the Little Sole Bank on the Celtic Shelf. In his accompanying analysis of this map he concludes:

"Some paleogeographic reconstructions of Western Europe at the (end) of the last glaciation suggest that there had existed a river originating in the area of the modern Irish Sea, which must have flown into the ocean in approximately this area. And if this is indeed the trace of the ancient river-bed, then the present Little Sole Bank was not an island or merely a hill on the shore, but a hill at the river-mouth, which is a uniquely beneficial position for a city."

This is very interesting, because mentioned in "Branwen, Daughter of Llyr", the second branch of the collection of Welsh folk tales known as "The Mabynogion", in the edition prepared from the 'middle Welsh' by Sir Ifor Williams (Gwasg Dinefwr, Llandybie, Dyfed 1930) there are two rivers described as running between Wales and Ireland:

"Bendigeiduran, a'r yniuer a dywedyssam ni, a hwylyssant parth ac Iwerdon, ac nyt oed uawr y weilgi yna, y ueis yd aeth ef. Nyt oed namyn dwy auon, Lli ac Archan y gelwit. A guedy hynny yd amlawys y weilgi, pan oreskynwys y weilgi y tyrnassoed."

Which translates into English as:

"Bendigeidfran and the host of which we spoke sailed towards Ireland, and in those days the deep water was not wide. He went by wading. There were but two rivers, the Lli and the Archan were they called, but thereafter the deep water grew wider when the deep overflowed the kingdoms."

Is Viatcheslav Koudriavtsev on the way to proving that tales of the rivers Lli and Archan, referred to in "The Mabynogion", are based in fact? Could these two rivers have joined together further upstream to form the large river whose estuary would appear to have been at the area now known as the Little Sole Bank? Perhaps this "Mabynogion" story is a distant memory of the times before the civilisation known as Atlantis sunk beneath the rising seas at the end of the last Ice Age. Certainly there are many folk tradition references to 'sunken lands' and 'kingdoms lost beneath the waves' in celtic mythology.


... exclusive ...

October 2002
Morien Institute

illustrated interview with
Professor Masaaki Kimura
of the University of the Ruykyus,
Okinawa, Japan,
the discovery of:

"Megalithic structures found underwater off the coast of
Yonaguni-jima, Japan"

please left-click to go directly the interview with Professor Masaaki Kimura

... exclusive ...

June 2002
Morien Institute

illustrated interview with
Dr Paul Weinzweig
of Advanced Digital Communications,
Havana, Cuba,
the discovery of:

"Megalithic urban ruins discovered off the coast of Cuba"

please left-click to go directly the interview with Dr Paul Weinzweig

"Atlantis and Earth's
Shifting Crust"

VHS NTSC version
(USA and Canada)


more underwater discoveries ...

Marine Archaeology News 2015 | Astro-Archaeology News 2015

Tsunami Past & Present

Terrestrial Archæology & Solar System History
News Headlines Archive

- updated daily -


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